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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is social conflict as described by the author?
the opposition btwn individuals and groups ont he basis of competing interests, different identities and/or differing attitudes
Describe the difference btwn conflict resolution and conflict management--
resolution-any marked reduction in social conflict
management-reduce or keep it at low levels
Macro Conflicts
War and Revolutions
Micro Conflicts
Conflicts between individuals or small groups
seek to understand basic forms of conflict and how it may relate to specific cases
relate to particular cases and seek to understand it in order to be helpful in a specific case
What distinguishes generalists and specialists?
generalists-deals with a wide range of ideas
specialists-focus on particular problems
Six Primary Methods of Research in the field of conflict resolution:
1. observational, 2. experimental, 3. historical, 4. archival, 5. survey research, 5. content analysis and 6. prisoner dilemma
direct observation of behavior
systematic manipulation of one or more independent variables
seeking understanding of what happened in the past
studies data previously gathered
Survey Research
use of questionnaire to respondents
Content Analysis
studies the particular content of mass media; frequency of certain themes or samples of interaction
Prisoner Dilemma
the tendency to cooperate
4 Conflict theories
1. individual characteristics theory, 2. social process theory, 3. social structural theory and 4. formal theory
Individual characteristics theory
aggression is the reason of the conflict....redirect aggressive tendencies
an action. intents to harm someone...can be verbal, or physical.
aggression defined as thwarting of an action that would have produced reward or gratification.
theories on aggression
1. natural selection, 2. biological, 3. psychological, 4. frustration/aggression, 5. social learning
Social Process Theory
social interaction btwn individuals. patterns of conflict, criminals, conflict in society, relation btwn conflict and competition
Social Structural Theory
conflict is a product of the way society is formed and organized, class, race, age, gender...recommend one of the 5 basic approaches: avoidance, acceptance, gradual social reform, nonviolent confrontation or violent confrontation.
Formal Theory
seeks to understand human social conflicts in logical and mathematical terms
1. coercion, 2. negotiation, 3. adjudication, 4. meditation, 5. arbitration and 6. legislation