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25 Cards in this Set

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True of False?




Chassis intrusion detection is an option that can be enabled/disabled in the BIOS setup utility (if a BIOS comes equipped with this feature). Coupled with a hardware sensor mounted inside the computer case, this functionality can be used to check if the case was opened and display a notification alert during next boot.

True

A standardized specification of a motherboard (including its dimensions, supported power supply types, and layout of components) is known as the motherboard's:

Form Factor

Name the terms that are used to describe a motherboard's size and purpose.

ATX




Mini-ATX




ITX




Mini-ITX




Micro-ITX




Nano-ITX




Pico-ITX

What is the most common motherboard type used in desktop PCs?

ATX

Which of the answers listed below refers to a VIA-proprietary low-power consumption SFF type motherboard known for industrial and embedded PC applications?

Mini-ITX

True or False?




Low Profile Extended (LPX) and New Low profile eXtended (NLX) are motherboard form factors known for the usage of a riser card (daughterboard) inserted into a slot near the edge of the board. The main advantage of this type of design is that expansion cards that plug into a riser card on the LPX/NLX motherboard are parallel with the board which saves space and allows for a smaller system case.

True

What does the term "bus" mean and what is the difference between a parallel and serial bus?

A bus is a system of communication paths used to connect computer components and transfer data between them.




A parallel bus transmits data across multiple wires while a serial bus transmits across a single wire

True or False?




Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) is an example of a parallel expansion bus (and a corresponding slot type) used for attaching hardware devices (in the form of an integrated circuit or expansion card) to the motherboard inside the computer case.

True

What are the characteristic features of conventional PCI?

Maximum throughput of up to 533 MB/s




64-bit bus width




32-bit bus width




Parallel interface

The Peripheral Component Interconnect eXtended (PCI-X) is an advanced version of PCI which:

Doubles the bandwidth of PCI




Provides much faster data transfer rates in comparison to PCI




Offers backward compatibility with PCI devices




Didn't get much of a market success due to the development and widespread adoption of the PCIe standard




Was intended for devices with higher bandwidth requirements such as servers and high-end workstations

What are the characteristics of the PCI-X standard?

64-bit bus width




Maximum throughput of up to 1064 MB/s




Parallel interface

What is a standard that relies on serial communication?

PCIe

Motherboard slots that enable installation of dedicated graphics controllers include:

PCIe




AGP

Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (abbr. as PCIe) is a high-speed, serial expansion bus designed as a replacement for:

PCI-X



PCI




AGP

In PCIe architecture, a single full-duplex point-to-point serial communication path consisting of two pairs of wires (where one pair is used for transmitting data and the other pair for receiving data) is known as:

Lane

True or False?




The PCIe labeling (×1, ×4, ×8, ×12, ×16 and ×32) refers to the number of communication links (lanes) available in different versions of the PCIe interface. The base value (x1) relates to the speed of a single lane expressed in MB/s. The multiplier (x) allows for easy calculation of the maximum throughput of the entire interface for a given PCIe variant.

True

Which of the values listed below refers to the speed of a single-lane (x1) PCIe v1.x link?

250 MB/s

A single-lane (x1) PCIe v2.x link offers maximum throughput of up to:

500 MB/s



Which of the following answers lists the speed of a single-lane (x1) PCIe v3.x link?

985 MB/s

A type of PCI slot for expansion cards installed in laptops characterized by a much smaller form factor when compared to its desktop counterpart is called:

miniPCI

Which of the following slot types allows for adding primary storage modules to the motherboard?

RAM

What are the features of a motherboard's CPU socket?

PGA



PGA2




LGA



ZIF

Which of the following integrated circuit types defines the core functionality and capabilities of a motherboard?

Chipset

True or False




In a northbridge/southbridge chipset computer architecture, the function of southbridge is to provide high-speed data links between CPU, RAM, and PCIe graphics controllers.

False



True or False




The term "northbridge" refers to a part of the computer chipset that controls peripheral buses used for connecting lower-speed I/O devices such as hard drives, keyboards, mice, PCI devices, as well as embedded hardware including BIOS, integrated graphics/audio, USB, or Ethernet interfaces.

False