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51 Cards in this Set

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Teachers-as-Facilitator
A role in which the teacher gives immediate feedback and encouragement to students as new skills are attempted.
Teachers-as-audience
A role in which the teacher is an observer when a student product is completed and then demonstrated.
Teachers-as-guides
teacher helps students get the information they need
Teachers-as-Coaches
Teachers reinforce what students are doing are their tasks
Instructional Strategy
A method of instructing that meets the needs, goals, and objectives of learners.
Teacher-Centered
teachers give instruction and students take in the information
Learner-Centered
students actively learn
Deductive Strategy
students learn from concrete concepts and students built their knowledge from those experiences
Inductive Strategy
students look for the knowledge themselves
Models of Teaching
plans that will help teachers structure what they will teach
Metacognitive Skills
thinking about your own thinking
Discovery Learning
students find approaches to get information for the lesson
Role Playing
acting out a scenario
Stimulation
an example of something from reality that helps teach a skill
Discussion
verbal interactions which a group of people participate
Classroom Discussion Model
a way to teach students to come up with their own questions by when reading and writing
Convergent Questions
questions only have one answer
Divergent Questions
questions can have many answers
Risk-Free Environment
classroom where students feel valued
Wait Time
the time a teacher waits for students to answer a question
Halt Time
stopping a lesson so students are understanding the whats being taught
Monitoring
the teacher makes sure the students are learning so their lesson are appropriate
Selective Attention
paying attention to one thing at a time
Learner-Centered
students actively learn
Extrinsic Motivation
motivated from introduction of outside environmental factors
Intrinsic Motivation
motivated by onself
Behavioral Approach
rewards and punishment motivate behavior
Reinforcement
increase behavior
Punishment
decrease behavior
Positive Reinforcement
give something to increase behavior
Negative Reinforcement
take something to decrease behavior
Presentation Punishment
a student is presented with something that decreases behavior
Removal Punishment
something is removed from a student to decrease behavior
Cognitive Approach
students want to learn about something out of curiosity
Equilibrium
balance between understanding of world and experiences
Disequilibrium
motivated to learn information to resolve balance
Humanistic Approach
to reach full potential
Hierarchy of Needs
deficiency needs and growth needs
Deficiency Needs
survival, safety, belonging, self esteem
Growth Needs
intellectual achievement, aesthetic appreciation, self actualization
Self-Concept
the perception you have about yourself
Self-Esteem
how you feel about yourself
Self-Efficacy
belief that one can reach their goals
Performance Goals
how well a student completes a task at a specific time
Learning Goals
goals for mastering a skill
Attribution Theory
the reasons students think they have succeed or failed
External Locus of Control
what factor a person thinks has caused their success or failure
Internal Locus of Control
what factor within themselves has caused their success of failure
Stability
when a situation seems unchangeable
Instability
when a situation can change with hard work
Learned helplessness
when students have been taught they can not change a situation