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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Electoral Systems
Translates votes to seats
Choice of Electoral system is based on
The values of the country
The Two basic values that any electoral system can maximize are
1. Representation
2. Stability
Electoral systems are important because they have an impact on both
1. Party Type
2. Number of Parties
Electoral systems tend to benefit either
Large or small parties
The first social scientist to examine electoral systems is
Duverger argued that there is a link between
The electoral system and the party system
Duverger's Law
There is a link between a plurality electoral system and a two party system.
Based off of mechanical effect and psychological effect
Mechanical Effect means:
The math behind plurality decreases the chance of winning of smaller parties
Mechanical Effect occurs when:
There is an election where smaller parties have less of a chance to win.
The Psychological Effect is when:
Voters become aware of the mechanical effects of the electoral system over time, and refrain from voting for smaller parties.(They don't want to waste their vote)
The Psychological Effect takes 2 or more elections to start:
The law predicts that smaller parties should receive less representation
The Best Evidence of this Law is:
The United States
An example of an unstable form is:
The question of stability is:
Whether certain electoral systems tend to provide a more stable, durable government.
The general argument of stability is:
That plurality tends to suppors higher levels of stability than proportional representation.
Components of an Electoral system:
1. Ballot
Two forms of Ballots:
1. Categorial
Categorial Ballot
Voters can only choose one party or candidate.