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70 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
awk/nawk [options] file
scan for patterns in a file and process the results
cat [options] file
concatenate (list) a file
cd [directory]
change directory
chgrp [options] group file
change the group of the file
chmod [options] file
change file or directory access permissions
chown [options] owner file
change the ownership of a file; can only be done by the superuser
cut (options) [file(s)]
cut specified field(s)/character(s) from lines in file(s)
date [options]
report the current date and time
dd [if=infile] [of=outfile] [operand=value]
copy a file, converting between ASCII and EBCDIC or swapping byte order, as specified
diff [options] file1 file2
compare the two files and display the differences (text files only)
df [options] [resource]
report the summary of disk blocks and inodes free and in use
du [options] [directory or file]
report amount of disk space in use
echo [text string]
echo the text string to stdout
ed or ex [options] file
Unix line editors
emacs [options] file
full-screen editor
expr arguments
evaluate the arguments. Used to do arithmetic, etc. in the shell.
file [options] file
classify the file type
find directory [options] [actions]
find files matching a type or pattern
finger [options] user[@hostname]
report information about users on local and remote machines
ftp [options] host
transfer file(s) using file transfer protocol
gzip [options] file, gunzip [options] file, zcat [options] file
compress or uncompress a file. Compressed files are stored with a .gz ending
head [-number] file
display the first 10 (or number of) lines of a file
display or set (super-user only) the name of the current machine
kill [options] [-SIGNAL] [pid#] [%job]
send a signal to the process with the process id number (pid#) or job control number (%n). The default signal is to kill the process.
ln [options] source_file target
link the source_file to the target
lpq [options], lpstat [options]
show the status of print jobs
lpr [options] file, lp [options] file
print to defined printer
lprm [options], cancel [options]
remove a print job from the print queue
ls [options] [directory or file]
list directory contents or file permissions
mail [options] [user], mailx [options] [user], Mail [options] [user]
simple email utility available on Unix systems. Type a period as the first character on a new line to send message out, question mark for help.
man [options] command
show the manual (man) page for a command
mkdir [options] directory
make a directory
more [options] file, less [options] file, pg [options] file
page through a text file
mv [options] file1 file2
move file1 into file2
od [options] file
octal dump a binary file, in octal, ASCII, hex, decimal, or character mode.
passwd [options]
set or change your password
paste [options] file
paste field(s) onto the lines in file
pr [options] file
filter the file and print it on the terminal
ps [options]
show status of active processes
print working (current) directory
rcp [options] hostname
remotely copy files from this machine to another machine
rlogin [options] hostname
login remotely to another machine
rm [options] file
remove (delete) a file or directory (-r recursively deletes the directory and its contents) (-i prompts before removing files)
rmdir [options] directory
remove a directory
rsh [options] hostname
remote shell to run on another machine
script file
saves everything that appears on the screen to file until exit is executed
sed [options] file
stream editor for editing files from a script or from the command line
sort [options] file
sort the lines of the file according to the options chosen
source file
read commands from the file and execute them in the current shell. source: C shell, .: Bourne shell.
strings [options] file
report any sequence of 4 or more printable characters ending in <NL> or <NULL>. Usually used to search binary files for ASCII strings.
stty [options]
set or display terminal control options
tail [options] file
display the last few lines (or parts) of a file
tar key[options] [file(s)]
tape archiver--refer to man pages for details on creating, listing, and retrieving from archive files. Tar files can be stored on tape or disk.
tee [options] file
copy stdout to one or more files
telnet [host [port]]
communicate with another host using telnet protocol
touch [options] [date] file
create an empty file, or update the access time of an existing file
tr [options] string1 string2
translate the characters in string1 from stdin into those in string2 in stdout
uncompress file.Z
uncompress file.Z and save it as a file
uniq [options] file
remove repeated lines in a file
uudecode [file]
decode a uuencoded file, recreating the original file
uuencode [file] new_name
encode binary file to 7-bit ASCII, useful when sending via email, to be decoded as new_name at destination
vi [options] file
visual, full-screen editor
wc [options] [file(s)]
display word (or character or line) count for file(s)
whereis [options] command
report the binary, source, and man page locations for the command named
which command
reports the path to the command or the shell alias in use
who or w
report who is logged in and what processes are running
zcat file.Z
concatenate (list) uncompressed file to screen, leaving file compressed on disk
cp [options] file1 file2
copy file1 into file2; file2 shouldn't already exist. This command creates or overwrites file2.
chsh (passwd -e/-s) username login_shell
change the user's login shell (often only by the superuser)
grep [options] 'search string' argument
egrep [options] 'search string' argument
fgrep [options] 'search string' argument
search the argument (in this case probably a file) for all occurrences of the search string, and list them.