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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The section of Christian theology dealing with the doctrine of humanity. Also denotes
fields of study outside of Christian theology.
The section of Christian theology dealing with the character of the Bible.
The section of Christian theology dealing with the identity of Jesus Christ, particularly the
question of the relation of his human and divine natures.
A formal definition or summary of the Christian faith, held in common by all Christians. The
most important are those generally known as the ‘‘Apostles’ Creed’’ and the ‘‘Nicene Creed.’’
The section of Christian theology dealing with the character of the church.
The section of Christian theology dealing with the ‘‘last things,’’ especially the ideas of
resurrection, hell, the Last Judgment, and eternal life.
A term initially used to refer to reforming movements, especially in Germany and
Switzerland, in the 1510s and 1520s. Since the mid-nineteenth century, the term has been used to
describe Protestants in English-speaking contexts who identify with four main characteristics:
crucicentrism (the centrality of Christ's work on the cross), conversionism (personal regeneration),
biblicism (the supreme role of the Bible in Christian living), and activism (the notion of spreading the
Good News).
The science of textual interpretation, usually referring specifically to the Bible. The term
‘‘biblical exegesis’’ basically means ‘‘the process of interpreting the Bible.’’ The specific techniques
employed in the exegesis of Scripture are usually referred to as ‘‘hermeneutics.’’
Imago Dei
Latin term for “image of God.” According to Genesis 1:26, God created humanity in the
image of God.
Justification by Faith
The section of Christian theology dealing with how the individual sinner is able
to enter into fellowship with God. The doctrine was to prove to be of major significance at the time of the
Reformation. The narrow and precise notion of justification in the Old and New Testaments was
developed more broadly throughout Christian history to include aspects beyond what is found in
A term used in a number of senses, of which the following are the most important:
orthodoxy in the sense of ‘‘right belief,’’ as opposed to heresy; Orthodoxy in the sense of the forms of
Christianity which are dominant in Russia and Greece; Orthodoxy in the sense of a movement within
Protestantism, especially in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century, which laid emphasis upon
the need for doctrinal definition.
A term relating to the doctrine of the Trinity, often also referred to by the Latin term
circumincessio. The basic notion is that all three persons of the Trinity mutually share in the life of the
others, so that none is isolated or detached from the actions of the others.
The section of Christian theology dealing with the doctrine of the Holy Spirit (Greek:
an unveiling or making known of what is otherwise unknown. In Jesus Christ and the
Scriptures, God graciously makes himself known to humanity. The sources of revelation are typically
divided into two—general and special revelation. General revelation is that knowledge which is
available to all people at all times from creation, history, and the makeup of human nature. Special
revelation is God’s particular revelation of Himself through specific events, especially His revelation in
Jesus Christ and the Scriptures.
The section of Christian theology dealing with the doctrine of salvation
The study of the knowledge of God. Sources for theology include the Bible, Christian
tradition, reason, and experience, with Scripture being the supreme authority.
The distinctively Christian doctrine of God, which reflects the complexity of the Christian
experience of God as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The doctrine is usually summarized in maxims such
as ‘‘three persons, one God.’’