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4 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What are the causes of MR?


Acute/chronic

Acute:


Infective endocarditis


Rupture of chordae tendonae


Trauma



Chronic:


Rheumatic fever


Mitral valve prolapse


Lv dilatation


Connective tissue (marfan ehlers danos)


Rheumatoid /SLE leibman sachs


Poly cystic kidney diseases

Signs of severity of MR

AF


LV failure


Pulm HTN


Soft S1


3rd HS


Displaced apex


Thrill

Features of marfans

MR or AR


Thumb and wrist signs.


Height


Armspan > height


Lens ectopia


Scoliosis


Pectus excavatum/ carinatum


High arched palate.


Hyper mobile joints


Pes planus


Arachnodactyly

Signs of severity of AR

LV dysfunction


Atrial fibrillation


Wide pulse pressure


Collapsing pulse


Length of the murmur