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56 Cards in this Set

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What combination of vitamins/minerals are essential for the calcification of teeth:

Calcium, Phosphorus, & Vitamin D
Nutritional deficiency caused by a systemic disorder that interferes with the ingestion, absorption, digestion, transport, and use of nutrients:
SECONDARY NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY
A nutritional deficiency caused by inadequate dietary intake of a nutrient.
PRIMARY NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY

A dental prosthesis used to replace some, but not all of the natural teeth; it may be fixed or removable:
PARTIAL DENTURE
A partial dental prosthesis used to replace some teeth, that is cemented permanently to natural teeth and is commonly called a bridge:

FIXED PARTIAL DENTAL PROSTHESIS
The tooth or teeth used to anchor the prosthesis and support the pontic:
ABUTMENT
The artificial tooth or teeth that occupy the edentulous space and replace the missing teeth is called a:
PONTIC
A prosthesis that closes an opening or orifice to prevent food or drinks to enter the nasal cavity:

OBTURATOR

A denture designed to fit over implant fixtures that are inserted partially or completely into living bone:

Implant dentures

Inflammation of the oral mucosa underlying the denture, characterized by redness, pain, and swelling:

DENTURE STOMATITIS

Abnormal increase in the volume of tissue as a result of denture irritation:

PAPILLARY HYPERPLASIA
The most common abnormal condition of persons who wear dentures; characterized by inflammation of the oral mucosa underlying the denture (redness, pain, and swelling):

DENTURE STOMATITIS
A mixed bacterial and fungal infection typically caused by S. aureus and C. albicans; results from small amounts of saliva accumulating at the commissural angels, and promotes a colonization of yeast:
ANGULAR CHEILITIS

True or False:


Persons with dentures experience a tenfold decrease in biting and a threefold decrease in chewing compared with those with out dentures.


TRUE

An artificial tooth on a multi-unit bridge that replaces a missing natural tooth, restores its function and usually occupies the space previously filled by the natural tooth:

PONTIC
A tooth or implant used for support or retention of a fixed or removable prosthesis is called:
ABUTMENT
Ultrasonic scalers are available as magnetostrictive units and:
piezoelectric units
The mechanism an electronically powered instrument uses to fracture calculus deposits from the tooth surface are:

RAPID ENERGY VIBRATIONS OF THE INSTRUMENT TIP

Piezoelectric ultrasonic tips display what type of movement?

LINEAR
Sonic tips display what type of movement?

ELIPTICAL
Magnetorestrictive ultrasonic tips display what type of movement?

ELIPTICAL
The number of times an electronically powered instrument tip vibrates in 1 second is known as the:

FREQUENCY
How far the tip of an electronically powered instrument tip moves during one cycle is known as the:

STROKE
The portion of a powered instrument tip that is capable of removing calculus is termed the:

ACTIVE TIP AREA

What is the correct order for the tip surfaces, regarding energy dispersion from the highest to lowest?
POINT OF TIP, FACE, BACK, LATERAL SURFACES
What is the main difference between a manually tuned and an auto tuned ultrasonic unit?
The auto tuned has a preset frequency, and the manual does not.

True/False


Interpersonal communication is the process by which a person sends a message to another person with the intention of evoking a response.


TRUE
Proxemics is the study of the distance an individual maintains from others. During chair side dental treatment, the patient and clinician are within each other's __________ zone.
INTIMATE
Precontemplative, contemplative, preparative, action and maintenance are phases in what model?

TRANSTHEORETICAL

When a client states that given the correct tools and correct instruction, they believe they can return their mouth to health, this person has an :

INTERNAL LOCUS OF CONTROL


True/False


Studies have all found that improving a patient's self esteem makes no difference to patient compliance.


FALSE


True/False


Although patient's perceptions about dental care are formed based on past experience, they are easily changed.

FALSE

True/False


Only 7% of all communication is actual spoken word.

TRUE

What is the optimal water fluoridation concentration for a community water supply?



.7 ppm
What professional topical fluoride gel has a recommended concentration of 1.23%
ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE
For the adult patient, the maximum amount of fluoride recommended for a professionally applied topical treatment per tray is:

2.5 ml

True/False


Fluoride varnish is a 5 % sodium fluoride product.


TRUE

True/False


Fluoride varnish has been approved by the FDA for use in the United States as a cavity liner and desensitizing agent only.

TRUE

True/False


Frequent use of low potency fluorides is important for enamel remineralization.


TRUE


TRUE/FALSE


A 2% sodium fluoride gel or foam is an example of a low-potency, high frequency fluoride.


FALSE


TRUE/FALSE


Under alkaline conditions, CPP-ACP releases calcium and phosphate to enhance remineralization.

FALSE

TRUE/FALSE


CPP-ACP (Recaldent) readily binds to the surface of the tooth as well as to the bacterial plaque surrounding the tooth.


TRUE
What is the concentration of chlorhexidine gluconate approved for usage in the US?

0.12%

A material composed of particles of sufficient hardness and sharpness to cut or scratch a softer material when drawn across its surface is defined as:

AN ABRASIVE

Indications for selective polishing include the presence of:

Light brown stain caused by smoking

The reason for using intermittent pressure when polishing is to do what?

Reduce frictional heat

The primary objective of tooth polishing is to:

remove extrinsic stain remaining after scaling

When polishing a tooth surface, the rate of enamel abrasion is increased when:

greater speed of the hand piece is used


TRUE/FALSE


To polish, particles must be 1-2 units on the scale harder than the surface being polished.

TRUE

TRUE/FALSE


Cleansing a surface requires particles that are less than or equal to the hardness of the surface being cleaned in order to prevent scratching.


TRUE

What polishing agent would be the most appropriate for a client with several composite restorations?

TIN OXIDE

Amorphus calcium phosphate, CPP-ACP, and Arginine biocarbonate all claim to do what in prophy pastes?
reduce dentin hypersensitivity
The most likely age under which pediatric patients have limited communicative ability is:

18 months

Patients with limited communicative ability are best treated with:

physical restraint

The most appropriate behavior modification technique for a toddler patient who possesses communicative ability is:

desensitization

Desensitization is defined as:

gradual exposure to new stimuli