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103 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

The Southern states that had formed new governments by December 1865 had done all of the following EXCEPT?

granted the vote to African American men.

The most significant problem that Ulysses S. Grant faced in office was: his lack of understanding of?

the nation's problems and his lack of political experience

All of the following were considered women's work in the latter half of the 1800s EXCEPT?

practicing law.

The first labor union to accept African Americans, women, and immigrants was?

Knights of Labor

Industrial development in the second half of the 1800s occurred for all of the following reasons EXCEPT?

a stable economy

Crédit Mobilier was an elaborate scheme to?

defraud the stockholders of the Union Pacific Railroad.

The tariff controversy over the Tariff Act of 1883 was significant because:

for the first time the two political parties differed sharply on tariff rates.

Which of the following is a representative statement about what Social Darwinists believed?

Ruthless competition will winnow out weaker businesses to the benefit of society.

"If the church members were all doing as Jesus would do, could it remain true that armies of men would walk the streets for jobs, and hundreds of them curse the church, and thousands of them find in the saloon their best friend?"
The speaker of this quotation was most likely a supporter of which of the following

Social gospel

Which of the following statements is NOT true about the policy of revenue sharing?

Revenue sharing took the form of block grants.

During whose administration was the term détente first used to describe United States foreign policy?

President Richard M. Nixon

All of the following were true of the women's movement EXCEPT?

the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment.

A woman's place is in the home was the major cultural message for women throughout?

the twentieth century.

Which of the following cases approved the consideration of race as one factor in an affirmative action policy?

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke

The War Powers Act contains all of the following provisions EXCEPT?

a/an exemption from the act if troops are sent at the request of the UN.

President Gerald Ford gave which of the following as his reason for pardoning former President Richard Nixon?

To avoid the divisiveness that a trial would cause in the nation

Stagflation in the mid-1970s was characterized by?

inflation accompanied by a rise in unemployment and flat economic growth.

"[Our] decision about energy will test the character of the American people and the ability of the President and the Congress to govern this nation. This difficult decision will be the 'moral equivalent of war'—except that we will be uniting our efforts to build and not to destroy."
The speaker of these words was which president?

President Jimmy Carter

How did the settlement house movement moved beyond its initial work?

by lobbying local government to improve the conditions in which urban immigrants lived and worked.

The Camp David Accords were brokered between Egypt and Israel by which of the following presidents?

President Jimmy Carter

The major goal of the deregulation of industry was?

to decrease prices.

Reagan Democrats were most likely to come from which of the following group of voters?

Working-class white men

"It is my intention to curb the size and influence of the Federal establishment. . . . All of us need to be reminded that the Federal Government did not create the States; the States created the Federal Government. It is no coincidence that our present troubles parallel and are proportionate to the intervention and intrusion in our lives that result from unnecessary and excessive growth of government."
This quotation is representative of the policies of which president?

President Ronald Reagan

26. President Ronald Reagan gained unexpected support in Congress for his economic program of spending cuts from?

conservative Southern Democrats.

When the Iran-Contra scandal broke, Ronald Reagan contended?

that the project was self-financing so that it did not affect U.S. taxpayers.

The largest number of immigrants to come to the United States between 1980 and 1989 came from which nation?


Popular culture of the 1980s was characterized by?

the decline in the influence of marketing.

What was the purpose of the Persian Gulf War?

to drive the Iraqis out of Kuwait.

The major issue that dogged President George H.W. Bush throughout his administration was ?

the economy.

The increasingly urban nature of the United States was caused primarily by?

rapid industrialization of the United States.

Those most likely to be living in poverty as defined by the federal government are?

children under the age of 18.

Immigrants from which nation were the first targets of specific immigration legislation?


Which of the following was used against labor unions?

Sherman Antitrust Act

The Supreme Court ruled that the state had the right to regulate publicly owned services that affected the public interest in which of the following cases?

Munn v. Illinois

How did The Dawes Act mark a change in policy toward Native Americans?

by ending the practice of negotiating treaties with Native American nations.

What is the significance of the Battle of Wounded Knee?

It marked the end of the Plains wars.

All of the following planks of the Populist platform of 1890 became law over time EXCEPT?

national sales tax.

Who was the author of popular dime novels about young men who rose from rags to riches?

Horatio Alger

What was the major area of disagreement between Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois centered on?

the means to attain civil rights for African Americans.

Plessy v. Ferguson established the principle of?

separate but equal.

The theory of conspicuous consumption was developed and applied to the rich in American society by which of the following?

Thorstein Veblen

"You come to tell us that the great cities are in favor of the gold standard; we reply that the great cities rest upon our broad and fertile prairies. Burn down your cities and leave our farms, and your cities will spring up again as if by magic; but destroy our farms and the grass will grow in the streets of every city in the country."
This speech was most likely in response to what argument?

against the free and unlimited coinage of silver.

How was Queen Liluokalani deposed?

by Hawaiian sugar planters

The primary purpose of the Open Door Policy was?

to ensure equal access to the China trade for the United States.

Yellow journalism, the de Lôme letter, and the Maine all contributed to which of the following?

The Spanish American War

". . . the Pacific is the ocean of the commerce of the future. Most future wars will be conflicts for commerce. The power that rules the Pacific, therefore, is the power that rules the world. And, with the Philippines, that power is and will forever be the American Republic. . . ."
This quotation could be considered the rationale for?

U.S. imperialism

Between 1877 and 1897, the presidency was characterized as?

a lack of leadership.

The primary reason for United States' interest in the Russo–Japanese War was?

concern over any interest Japan had in the Philippines

What is not a true statements about progressives?

Progressives tended to be engaged in political reform rather than in efforts to reform social and economic abuses.

What was a decidedly American school of painting?

Ash Can.

President William Howard Taft's administration compares favorably with the programs of Theodore Roosevelt in all the following areas EXCEPT?

tariff reduction.

The Federal Reserve System was established in 1913 in an effort to?

control the amount of money in circulation.

Reaction to British disregard of U.S. neutrality at the beginning of the war was muted primarily because?

Wilson did not want the Germans to win.

Germany's purpose in sending the Zimmerman Telegram was to?

inform its minister in Mexico to seek an alliance with Mexico.

The first large-scale black nationalist movement was?

Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association.

President Woodrow Wilson’s major mistake in the handling of the Treaty of Versailles was?

his unwillingness to include any high-ranking Republicans on the negotiating team.

In 1920, women finally gained the right to vote primarily because

it was difficult to deny women the vote after their service in World War I.

A "return to normalcy" was the promise of which presidential candidate?

Warren G. Harding

Jessie Fauset, Langston Hughes, and James Weldon Johnson were all members of?

the Harlem Renaissance

The Scopes trial was significant because?

it highlighted the tensions between older established value systems and new theories of science.

The major foreign policy issue in the 1920s was?

achieving peace.

The major theme of serious literature in the 1920s was?

disillusionment with U.S. society.

Which of the following is NOT a true statement about the popular culture of the 1920s?

One of the less important mediums for reaching Americans was the radio.

Which of the following statements is true about world trade in the 1920s?

By insisting on immediate repayment of war debts, the United States held down growth in world trade.

The major flaw in the Kellogg-Briand Pact was?

that no provision was made for punishing nations that violated the pact.

Which of the following statements best describes the significance of the election of 1928?

A shift in the voter base of the two parties was apparent.

Which of the following was NOT a direct consequence of the advent of the automobile age in the 1920s?

Development of the assembly line

The primary cause of the stock market crash of 1929 was?


What was the primary reason that Prohibition did not succeed?

because many Americans did not believe in prohibition.

The flapper has become a stereotype of what decade?


What statement best describes why President Herbert Hoover rejected any federal intervention to help individuals during the Depression?

Federal assistance would sap people's initiative and self-respect

The Roosevelt Corollary was an expansion of the ideas put forth in what doctrine?

The Monroe Doctrine

John Maynard Keynes would agree with which of the following statements?

Cutting taxes, lowering interest rates, and increasing government spending will stimulate the economy.

"I hope that we will continue to be able to look upon art and artists as one of the factors which can be used to draw nations together. . . . We need emotional outlets in this country and the more artistic people we can develop the better it will be for us as a nation."
Eleanor Roosevelt spoke these words in behalf of the cultural programs of which New Deal agency?

Works Progress Administration

The least likely to benefit from Social Security when it was established were African Americans because

the law did not cover domestics and tenant farmers.

Why was the Indian Reorganization Act controversial?

it granted citizenship to Native Americans.

The New Deal did little to help African Americans because?

Roosevelt found it difficult to get around conservative Southern Democrats in Congress.

The Nye Commission determined that?

the munitions industry and banking interests had propelled the United States into World War I.

Which of the following novels is a compassionate and empathetic portrayal of people caught in the Depression?

Grapes of Wrath

Which was not achieved during the New Deal?

Providing for medical insurance for the poor

What was the major goal of Huey Long?

the redistribution of wealth among Americans.

The New Deal changed U.S. society in all of the following ways EXCEPT?

by offering loans to students for college.

In Korematsu v. United States, the Supreme Court upheld the right of?

the government to detain, relocate, and inter Japanese American citizens as a national security measure.

Why did Franklin Roosevelt sign an Executive Order to end discrimination in wartime industries?

A. Philip Randolph threatened a huge march on Washington to protest discriminatory hiring practices.

The experience of women who joined the labor force in World War I and in World II was the same in which of the following ways?

When the war was over, women lost their jobs to returning servicemen.

A major problem that occurred with reconversion that Truman turned to his benefit in the election of 1948 was?

inflation and price controls

What act was enacted as a direct result of the labor strikes in 1947?

Taft-Hartley Act

Industrial development in Western Europe after World War II grew dramatically primarily as a result of what plan?

Marshall Plan

The Korean and Vietnam Wars were similar in what way?

American support for the war shifted as the wars dragged on

Americans' fear that Communists and fellow travelers were infiltrating the U.S. government was a direct consequence of what?

Allegations of Senator Joseph McCarthy

Who was the leading proponent of abstract expressionism?

Jackson Pollock

The Beat poets took some of their inspiration from which type of music?


What began the drive to end segregation in the South?

The Montgomery Bus Boycott

What was a direct consequence of the Russian launching of Sputnik?

a new emphasis on academic achievement and quality education.

"It was TV more than anything else that turned the tide." This quotation was probably said about the election of?


The Feminine Mystique was significant because?

it gave voice to middle-class women's discontent with their lives.

Why was the election of 1964 significant?

voters gave Johnson a mandate for the Great Society.

What Was a direct consequence of the Immigration Act of 1965?

a sharp rise in the number of immigrants from Asia and Latin America.

"Black Power recognizes—it must recognize—the ethnic basis of American politics as well as the power-oriented nature of American politics. Black Power therefore calls for black people to consolidate behind their own, so that they can bargain from a position of strength."
The writer of this quotation is most likely?

Stokely Carmichael.

What pulled the plug on President Johnson's Great Society?

The Vietnam War

The person most likely to join the counterculture was?

a middle-class white person of college age.

Richard Nixon owed his 1968 election primarily to who?

Nixon's recognition of the presence of a large group of disaffected white middle-class Americans

What was an important part of Nixon's plan to attract white Southern voters into the Republican Party?

Opposition to school desegregation through busing