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180 Cards in this Set

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106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

State the PHONETIC alphabet.
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

State your numerals PHONETICALLY
"Tree"
"Fo-wer"
"Fi-yiv or Fife"
"Niner"
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

Explain the purpose of PROWORDS.
Used to enable clear communication for brevity and clear communication
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

ATTENTION TO ORDERS is indicated with what whistle command?
One short blast of the whistle
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

CEASE FIRE is indicated with what whistle command?
One long blast of the whistle
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

HOSTILE AIRCRAFT or MECHANIZED VEHICLE is indicated with what whistle command?
Three long blasts of the whistle repeated several times
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What must radios have to communicate with each other?
A common frequency

Able to transmit and receive the same signal type
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What are some considerations to have when using radio communications?
Infantry radios are FM and will not communicate with AM radios

Squelch settings on radios must be used correctly

Weather

Terrain

Antenna power

Location of radio
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What are the FIVE steps of the Intelligence Cycle?
1. Planning and Direction
2. Collection
3. Processing
4.Production
5. Dissemination
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What is the purpose of the Joint Operations Center (JOC)?
It is a focal point for all operational matters.
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What is the acronym PACE?
The acronym for Primary, Alternate, Contingency, and Emergency types of communications
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What is BEADWINDOW?
When someone has passed classified information over an unsecured net
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What is MINIMIZE?
Used in an emergency to inform members to reduce message traffic
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

Give examples of Comms Gear used downrange.
Blue Force Tracker (BFT)
PRC-117
PRC-150
Iridium Phone
XTS-5000
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

How many channels can be programmed on an XTS-5000?
48 channels max
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What type of batteries does the AN/PRC-117F use and how many?
Two 12v lithium batteries
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What frequency range does the AN/PRC-117F cover?
30-512 MHz
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What does AN/PRC stand for?
Army/Navy Portable Radio used for two-way Communications
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What are the three frequency ranges?
High Frequency: 3 - 30 MHz

Very High Frequency: 30 - 300 MHz

Ultra High Frequency: 300 MHz - 3 GHz
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What are the four general types of services for which HF is used?
Point-to-point

Ship-to-shore

Ground-to-air

Fleet broadcast
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

Which frequency is ideally used for line-of-sight communications?
VHF
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

Which frequency is well suited for tactical voice transmissions (i.e. maneuvering of ships traveling together)?
UHF
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What are the fundamentals of a camp layout?
Sufficient space for command dispersion

Concealment from ground and air observation

Protection from bombing and strafing attacks

Protection from mechanized attack
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What are the sanitation concerns in regards to a camp's layout?
Water supply

Drainage

Shade

Access

Site not occupied within the last two months
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is the TEMPER and it's function?
It is the "heart" of the tent camp and provides climate controlled billeting and support facilities
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What are the subsystems that TEMPER support?
Customer billeting

Operator billeting

Administrative/Medical/MWR services

MWR Facilities

Chaplain

Sanitation and food preparation

Dining facilities

Field showers

Containerized shower subsystem
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is the purpose and properties of a leach field?
Used to dispose of sewage and grey water into the ground.

Constructed of 4 - 6 inch perforated pipes 5 - 10 feet apart, laid out in herringbone pattern or with the lateral pipes at right angles to the main distribution pipe
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is the purpose of the Trouble Desk?
To receive all customer service calls and coordinate the maintenance calls and tasks with the people who provide the maintenance service.
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What are the FOUR Priority Work Classifications?
1. Safety: work required primarily for safety concerns

2. Function: Work primarily identified with the mission of the activity

3. Preventative: work primarily required to prevent significant deterioration of the plant property of equipment caused by continued use or from natural forces

4. Appearance: word done primarily done for preserving or upgrading the appearance of a facility
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is an Operator Inspection?
An inspection performed by the operator assigned to the equipment. It is part of the operator's day-to-day responsibilities.
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is potable water?
Water that is safe to drink
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is non-potable water?
Water that is unsafe and/or unpalatable for drinking
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is chlorination?
The most common method of disinfecting potable water

Has a residual of at least 2 parts per million (ppm)
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is super chlorination?
The process used to disinfect water containers

Has a residual of at least 100 parts per million (ppm)
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is the mission of the Logistical Advance Party?
The precede the main unit body to accomplish administrative, logistical and construction missions
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What key features are considered in site selection and defensive tactics?
Real estate availability and control (on/off base)

Sea/airport capabilities and conditions

Site conditions for tent camps, future expansion, drainage problems, ground cover and soil conditions

Availability and cost of in-country construction material

Electric power availability

Source and quality of water supply

Adequacy of sewage disposal facilities

Potential environmental health hazards

Communication equipment availability and capability

Radio frequencies available for use
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is the recommended spacing for:

Food Services v. Latrines
300 feet
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is the recommended spacing for:

Food Servies v. Billeting
200 feet
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is the recommended spacing for:

Billeting v. Latrines
200 feet
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is the recommended spacing for:

Grey water v. Food Services
200 feet
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is the recommended spacing for:

Generator v. Billeting
50 feet
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is the recommended spacing for:

Latrine/Billeting/Food Services v. Road
15 feet
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is the recommended spacing for:

Latrine/Billeting/Food Services v. Fuel
300 feet
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

Define ROWPU and explain its components
Reverse Osmosis Water Purification Unit

Strainer
Anti-Scale Unit
Cartridge Filter
HP Pump
Cleaning System
RO Module
Permeator
Energy Recovery
Drain-Out
Holding Tank
Distribution System
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

The 6kw generator with flood lights has what engine and tank capacity?
3-cylinder diesel engine

30 gallon fuel tank
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What is the power output of the 6kw generator with flood lights?
120/240 volts

6kw @ 60 Hz and 25/50 amps
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

How do you startup the 6kw generator with flood lights?
Turn main breaker on with all other breakers off

Prime the engine

Turn knob to start, then run

Flip all other breakers to on
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

How do you shut down the 6kw generator with flood lights?
Turn light breakers off

Turn knob to off

Turn off main breaker
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What hazards are associated with the 6kw generator with flood lights?
Tipping (with outriggers placed, mast can tolerate winds up to 62mph)

Crushing (when lowering light mast)

Hazmat (Fuel, oil, batteries)

Electrical (outlets, batteries)

Mechanical (moving engine parts, improper towing)
107 Expeditionary Camp Fundamentals

What are the three types of work in camp maintenance?
Emergency/Service Work: work that requires less than 16 man hours

Specific Job Work Requests: work that exceeds 16 man hours

Standing job orders: work that is highly repetitive in nature
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What are the three categories of Standard 782 Gear?
Fighting load-carrying equipment

Bivouac equipment

Protective equipment
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What comes issued in Standard 782 Gear?
Pistol belt

Medium combat pack

Suspenders

Two ammo pouches

Canteen cover, canteen, and canteen cup

First-aid packet

E-tool and carrying case

Poncho

One-man tent and kit

Mess kit with knife, fork and spoon

Bayonet or K-Bar

Kevlar helmet

Camouflage helmet

Hat and mosquito net
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Describe the Hasty/Skirmisher's Fighting Position
A shallow pit type of emplacement that provides a temporary, open, prone fighting position for an individual rifleman
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Describe the One-Man Fighting Position
Made as small as possible to present the smallest target possible to the enemy

Wide enough to accomodate occupant's shoulders

Deep enough to use E-tool at the bottom
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Describe the Two-Man Fighting Position
Essentially two adjacent One-Man Fighting Positions
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What are the advantages of the Two-Man Fighting Position?
Allows for continuous observation, mutual assistance and reassurance (buddy system)

Allows for redistribution of ammunition between the occupants
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What are the disadvantages of the Two-Man Fighting Position?
Offers somewhat less protection against tanks crossing along the long axis

Less protection against strafing fire, bombing, and fragmentation
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What are the three ways to dig fighting positions?
Manual, i.e. E-Tool

Mechanical, i.e. Backhoe or Excavator

Explosives, i.e. Explosives
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What do you do if you are caught in the light of a flare?
Immediately hit the deck.

If you hear the flare but it has not yet detonated, hit the deck before detonation
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Explain KOCOA
Key terrain and features

Observations and fields of fire

Cover and concealment

Obstacles to movement

Avenues of approach
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is required for effective land navigation?
Map

Compass

Pace Count
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is the Forward Defense Area (FDA?)
The area where the frontline defensive positions are dug
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is the Security Area?
The area forward of the Forward Defensive Area (FDA) where security patrol are conducted

LP/OPs are located in this area
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is the Reserve Area?
The area behind the Forward Defensive Area (FDA) that reserve forces occupy
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Explain the Primary Fighting Position
The backbone of the defense

Receives the full force of the enemy's attack
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Explain the Alternate Fighting Position
The secondary/fallback fighting position used if the primary fighting position is in danger of being overrun
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What sectors of fire are the Alternate Fighting Postion assigned?
The same as the primary fighting position
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Explain the Supplementary Fighting Position
Fighting position whose sectors of fire cover the flank or rear
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Explain Sectors of Fire
The fire assignment for each weapon, marked with two stakes to indicate lateral limits

Sectors of fire interlock to ensure mutual support from adjacent pits/units
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Who is the Squad Leader and what are their responsibilities?
Usually a PO1 with a M16, but only fires in critical situations

Is responsible for the training, appearance, discipline and readiness of the squad

Controls fire discipline, fire control, and maneuvering
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Who is the Grenadier and what are their responsibilities?
Usually a PO2 with a M203

Responsible for the care and employment of the 203

Remains close to the Squad Leader
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Who is the Fire Team Leader and what are their responsibilities?
Usually a PO2 with a M16, but only fires in critical situations

Leads and controls the fire team

Can act as the assistant Squad Leader
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Who is the Automatic Rifleman and what are their responsibilities?
Usually a PO3 with a fully automatic weapon

Is the backbone of the fire team, providing heavy fire power

Can act as the assistant Fire Team Leader
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Who is the Rifleman #1 and what are their responsibilities?
Usually an E-3 with a M16 whose primary duty is to carry extra ammo for the Automatic Rifleman

Protects the flank and can act as a scout

Takes control of the automatic weapon if the Automatic Rifleman becomes a casualty
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Who is the Rifleman #2 and what are their responsibilities?
Usually an E-2 or E-3 with a M16

Acts as the point man and occasionally as a scout

Protects the flank of the fire team
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is Article I of the Code of Conduct?
"I am an America, fighting in the Armed Forces which guards my country and our way of life.

I am prepared to give my life in their defense."
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is Article II of the Code of Conduct?
"I will never surrender of my own free will.

If I am in command, I will never surrender the members of my command while they still have the means to resist."
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is Article III of the Code of Conduct?
"If I am captured, I will continue to resist by all means available.

I will make every effort to escape and aide\ others to escape.

I will accept neither parole nor special favors from the enemy."
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is Article IV of the Code of Conduct?
"If I become a prisoner of war, I will keep faith with my fellow prisoners.

I will give no information nor take part in any activity which may be harmful to my comrades.

If I am senior, I will take charge. If not, I will obey the lawful orders of those appointed over me and back them in every way."
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is Article V of the Code of Conduct?
"When questioned, should I become a prisoner of war, I am required to give name, rank, service number, and date of birth.

I will evade answering further questions to the utmost of my ability.

I will give no oral or written statements disloyal to my country and its allies, or harmful to their cause."
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is Article VI of the Code of Conduct?
"I will never forget that I am an America, fighting for freedom, responsible for my actions, and dedicated to the principles which made my country free.

I will trust in my God and in the United States of America."
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is the procedure for handling Enemy Prisoners of War (EPWs)?
5 S's and T in Handling:

Search for weapons and documents
Secure to ensure escape is impossible
Silence to prevent communication among EPWs
Segregate into groups (by rank, gender, status, etc.)
Speed (timely deliver of information obtained from EPW)
Tag EPW's belongings
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What are the Force Protection Conditions (FPCON)?
FPCON Normal

FPCON Alpha

FPCON Bravo

FPCON Charlie

FPCON Delta
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is FPCON Normal?
Applies when there is a general global threat
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is FPCON Alpha?
Applies when there is an increased general threat
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is FPCON Bravo?
Applies when there is an increased or more predictable threat
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is FPCON Charlie?
Applies when an incident occurs or intelligence is received
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What is FPCON Delta
Applies when a terrorist act against a specific location or person is imminent

This FPCON is normally declared as a localized condition
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

Who determines the SROE (Rules of Engagement)?
ROE is determined by the commander's guidance
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

When is deadly force normally authorized?
Inherent right of self-defense

Defense of others

Protection of assets vital to National Security

Protection of inherently dangerous property

Protection of National critical infrastructure

Protection from serious offenses against persons

Arrest or apprehension

Prevention of escape
108 Expeditionary Tactics Fundamentals

What are the three classes of wire entanglement and their purpose?
Tactical wire: used to hamper enemy movement

Protective: prevents close surprise attacks

Supplementary: conceals tactical wire
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What are Inland Waters?
Navigable waters SHOREWARD of the demarkation lines
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What are International Water?
Navigable water SEAWARD from the demarkation lines
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What are the 5 paragraphs of a patrol brief?
SMEAC

Situation
Mission
Execution
Administration and Logistics
Command and Signal
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What is SORTS?
Status of Reports Training System
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What are the two fundamentals to Security Zones?
Ensure there is no single point of failure

Set conditions for the use of force
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What is CASREP?
Casualty Report

A message report submitted to document a significant casualty affecting equipment essential for the performance of designated mission areas
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What is LOGREQ?
Logistic Requests

A request submitted prior to entering port for support and AT/FP needed upon arrival
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What is SITREP?
Situation Report

An update issued as conditions change or events begin to unfold
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What are the five waterborne threats?
Small boat
Large draft boat
Subsurface
Swimmer
Floating mine
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

Security Boat Term:

What is Blocking?
A method of preventing a Contact of Interest (COI) from continuing in a given direction by placing the Patrol Boat in the path of the Contact
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

Security Boat Term:

What is Herding?
A method where the Patrol Boat positions itself at an angle off the beam/bow of the Contact of Interest (COI) to make the COI change course
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

Security Boat Term:

What is Shouldering?
A method of showing force by physically maneuvering the Patrol Boat into the Contact of Interest (COI) with enough force to alter the COI's course
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

How many levels of Escalation of Force are there?
Four
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What is Level I of Escalation of Force?
Blue lights, sirens, horn, waving of hands
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What is Level II of Escalation of Force?
Shoot flare across the bow of Contact

Weapons are in Condition One
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What is Level III of Escalation of Force?
Warning shots from crew serve weapons
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What is Level IV of Escalation of Force?
Open fire
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What is the guidance on the use of waterside small arms in the Escalation of Force?
Shoot to stop forward motion

When engaging a hostile craft, fire should be directed at the engines
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What are the three zones that provide defense around High Value Assets (HVA)?
A.I.M.

Assessment Zone: the outermost zone (3000-2000 yards)

Interception Zone: security forces classify contacts and warn all unknown/hostile contacts (2000-1000 yards)

Reaction Zone: innermost layer of defense; no hostile contacts should be allowed in this threat zone (1000 yards or less)
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What is the Single Boat Defense?
A single boat on patrol, maintaining a static position close to the High Value Asset (HVA) and facing out towards potential waterborne threats
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What is the Multiple Boat Defense?
When two or more security boats have assigned patrol sectors.

To protect pier side, anchored, or underway High Value Assets (HVAs), boats will randomly patrol near the outer edge of the warning zone and assess all vessels in their vicinity
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

Explain Moving Security Zones
Minimum of two boats, four optimally

Largest boat forward as visible presence

Faster and more maneuverable Security boats in flanking or aft position to perform interceptions and rear security duty
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What are the principles of aircraft/flight line defense?
To establish a secure perimeter around an aircraft or flight line

Consists of two or four point security
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What are the elements for controlling civil disturbances?
Control force

Have a negotiating team

Have a special response team
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What are the Control Force Actions?
Isolate the area

Protect likely targets

Exert control
109 Waterborne Fundamentals

What is MIO?
Maritime Interception Operations

A peacetime measure designed to enforce embargos sanctioned by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What effect does chemical warfare have on the human body?
Physical and psychological effects
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What forms can chemical agents be delivered as?
Solid

Liquid

Vapor
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is Biological warfare?
The intentional release of living organisms or substances to cause death or disease
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is the effect of Radiological weapons?
Explosions of great force or heat
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

By which routes can agents enter the body?
Inhalation

Ingestion

Absorption

Injection
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What mask is standard issue?
MCU-2P

or

M50 Joint Service General Purpose Mask (currently replacing the MCU-2P)
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is the purpose of the gas mask
Protects the eyes, face, nose, throat and lungs

The quickest and most effective means of protection
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is the purpose of wet-weather clothing?
Protects against Alpha/Beta radiological contamination
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is the purpose of the Chemical Protective Over Garment?
A two piece suit that protects against ALL KNOWN chemical and biological agents

DOES NOT protect against radiological contamination
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What are the tree types of Chemical warfare agents and their symptoms?
Casualty: Nerve, Blister, Choking and Blood agent symptoms

Incapacitating: Symptoms vary

Harassing: Vomiting and tear gases
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What are the three kinds of Nuclear explosions?
Airburst

Ground Burst

Underwater Burst
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is an Airburst?
A nuclear explosion where the fireball does not touch the earth
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is a Ground Burst?
A nuclear explosion where the fireball touches the earth

Creates the greatest amount of fallout
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What are the different forms of Nuclear Radiation?
Alpha/Beta particles

Gamma Rays

Neutrons
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is the properties of Alpha/Beta particles?
Weak; does not penetrate clothing

Taken into body by ingestion or cuts
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is the properties of Gamma rays?
Pure energy that cannot be stopped

Penetrates every region of the body
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is the properties of Neutrons?
Have the greatest penetrating power
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is MOPP?
Mission Oriented Protective Posture
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

How many levels of MOPP are there?
Five
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is MOPP Level 0?
All MOPP gear carried or in close vicinity
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is MOPP Level 1?
Smock and trousers donned
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is MOPP Level 2?
Smock and trousers donned

Overboots donned
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is MOPP Level 3?
Smock and trousers donned

Overboots donned

Mask donned
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is MOPP Level 4?
Smock and trousers donned

Overboots donned

Mask donned

Cotton chemical liners and gloves donned
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

Why are the gloves donned when they are in the MOPP Level sequence?
To quickly and effectively don the mask and MOPP gear
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is the NATO CBR marker sign for a Chemically contaminated area?
Yellow background with red lettering
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is the NATO CBR marker sign for a Biologically contaminated area?
Blue background with red lettering
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is the NATO CBR marker sign for a Radiologically contaminated area?
White background with black lettering
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What does it mean when you see an ALL WHITE NATO CBR marker sign?
You are inside the contaminated area

(and looking at the back of the CBR marker sign)
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What color does M9 paper turn after it comes in contact with an agent?
Pink, red-brown, red-purple, or any shade of red
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What color does M8 paper turn after it comes in contact with an agent?
Red, yellow, or green
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is NAAK?
Nerve Agent Antidote Kit
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

How many NAAKits are issued to an individual?
Three
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What does a NAAKit contain
1 autoinjector of Atropine (labeled #1, yellow and green in color)

1autoinjector of 2Pam Chloride (labeled #2, tan in color)
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

For self-aid, how long do you hold the autoinjector when injecting?
10 seconds minimum
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

How long do you wait between doses of Atropine and 2Pam Chloride for self-aid?
10-15 minutes
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What should be done with spent autoinjectors?
Bend the needle and pin it in a prominent and visible area (i.e. blouse pocket flap)
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is the first step when administering buddy aid?
Mask the casualty
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

Whose NAAKit is used when administering buddy aid?
The casualty's
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

How is a NAAKit administered to a casualty for buddy aid?
Immediately and in rapid succession
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

Describe the M-291 and M-295 decontamination kits
Pouches with 6 decontamination packets that contain black, reactive, and absorbant resin powder

M-291 is used for personal decontamination
M-295 is a larger version of the M-291 used for equipment decontamination
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is JLIST?
Joint Lightweight Integrated Suit Technology
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

How long is a JLIST good in unopened packaging?
5 years
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

How long is a JLIST good worn in a contaminated environment?
24 hours
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

How long can a JLIST be worn not exposed agents?
45 days
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

How do you care for a JLIST and what are the limitations of its care?
Can be washed a maximum of 6 times

Must be hung to dry, not machine dried
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What are the three types of decontamination?
Immediate

Operational

Thorough
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is Immediate Decontamination?
Decontamination used to minimize casualties, save lives and limit the spread of contamination
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is Operational Decontamination?
Decontamination used to sustain operations, reduce the contact hazard and limit the spread of contamination
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is Thorough Decontamination?
Decontamination used to reduce or eliminate the need for individual protective clothing
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

What is the purpose and optimum location for the M-22 Chemical Alarm?
Optimally placed upwind of locations to detect agents in remote locations

Uses a warning light and horn to provide advanced warning of a chemical attack
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

Describe the DT-60/PD dosimeter
Solid state package worn around the neck

Gamma radiation dosimeter, 10 to 600 R range

Stores dose information indefinitely
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

Describe the IM 143/PD dosimeter
Self reading pocket dosimeter in the shape of a pen

Gamma radiation dosimeter, 0 to 600 R range

Used for surveying, monitoring, and decontamination teams
110 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) Warfare Fundamentals

Describe the CP-95A/PD dosimeter
Radiac computer indicator designed to read the DT-60/PD

Has two scales:
0 to 200 R
0 to 600 R

Minimum detectable range is 10 R
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

Define ACCESS
The ability and opportunity to obtain knowledge of classified information
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

Define CLASSIFICATION
The determination that official information requires, in the interest of national security
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

Define COMPROMISE
A security violation which has resulted in confirmed or suspected exposure of classified information or material to an unauthorized person
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

Define NEED TO KNOW
A determination made by an authorized holder of classified information that a prospective recipient requires access to specific classified information
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

Define CLEARANCE
A formal determination that a person meets the personnel security standards and is eligible for assess to classified information
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What is EEFI
Essential Elements of Friendly Information
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What is COMSEC?
Communications Security

The safeguarding of communications information
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What is the Communications Security Material System (CMS) Custodian?
The CMS Custodian is responsible to the CO for managing the CMS account in accordance with his instructions
106 Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Fundamentals (C4I)

What is TPI?
Two Person Integrity, a measure taken to prevent single-person access to COMSEC keying material