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12 Cards in this Set

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CHAMBER MUSIC

music written for a small ensemble




requires the instrumentalists to assert their personality and to work as a team

SONATA CYCLE

a general term that described the multi-movement structure found in sonatas and concertos

SONATA FORM

highly structured form




I. the music must establish home key and must modulate throughout




II. there must be room for expansion within the presented themes

EXPOSITION

first movement of sonata form




first statement of the theme

DEVELOPMENT

2nd movement of the sonata form




takes the theme from the exposition and expands/shapes and manipulates them

RECAPITULATION

final presentation of the original theme from the exposition

CODA

the ending of a movement




brings the movement to an end with a rousing conclusion

VIENNESE SCHOOL

"first Viennese School"




a name used to refer to:


Mozart


Haydn


Beethoven




BUT they are not collaborative unlike other "schools"

ESSAY ON THE TRUE ART OF PLAYING KEYBOARD INSTRUMENTS

AUTHOR: CPE Bach (son of JS Bach)




theoretical treatise




gives an insight into what kind of techniques were used during this period

CHRISTOPH WILLIBALD GLUCK

German-born composer


- sought to restore opera to music & poetry that helps display virtuostic ability instead of showing off




- Operatic Reform:


A return to opera expressing dramatic truth


instead of artists choosing unrelated arias just because they're hard to sing

MANNHEIM SCHOOL

- a school of composers




introduced the rocket theme to the symphony


Mannheim "steam roller": a gradually building crescendo




contributed Minuet and Trio to the Symphony

STURM UND DRANG

German for "Storm and Stress"




A German movement in the 1700s




introduced emotionalism in the arts (representing emotions like fear, stress, horror, anxiety)