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45 Cards in this Set

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When was the Civil War?
1861-1865
What was the first battle of the Civil War?
Fort Sumter
What was the bloodiest day in US History?
Antietam
How many people died in the Civil War?
A little over 620,000 people
What was Gettysburg?
A 3 day battle where the Confederates retreated and General Lee decided that he no longer wanted to invade the North. It left thousands dead.
What was Lincoln's 10% Plan?
It was to pardon all Confederates who swear allefiance. When 10% of the population of the state took the oath, a state would be readmitted to the Union.
What was the Emanipation Proclamation?
It was passed by Lincoln and allowed the Union troops to seize and free all slaves from the Confederates. It also gave a moral purpose to the war.
What was the 3 Part Plan?
It was a Union strategy in the War. It set up naval blockades, split the Confederacy by going down to Mississippi, and captured the Confederate Capital.
What is the significance of Appomattox?
It was where General Lee (Confederacy) surreded to General Grant (Union).
What did the Compromise of 1850 do?
-California applied for statehood and admitted as a free state.
-Southerners threatened to seceed from the Union.
-Residents of New Mexico and Utah would vote for themselves
What is popular sovereignty?
The right that states could vote individualy whether or not to be a free or slave state. The people got to vote.
Who supported the Compromise of 1850 and who did not?
John C. Calhoun did not support it. Clay and Webster did.
What was the Dred Scott Decision? What was the outcome?
Dred Scott was a slave that was taken by his owner into a free state. He argued that made him free. In 1857 the court ruled against him and said that he was "property of his owner" and had to go back to the south. It declared the Missouri Compromise uncontitutional and ruled that slaves had no rights.
What was Bleeding Kansas?
Kansas was allowed to vote over slavery in the state. People came from other states to vote for slavery, which caused battles between pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups.
What are "border ruffians"?
A pro-slavery group from Missouri.
Who ran for the 1858 Senate in Illinois? What did they debate over?
Lincoln, a Republican, and Douglas, a Democrat. They debated over slavery.
What did Wilmot Proviso propose?
That slavery would be banned from all territories won from Mexico.
What were the advantages of the Northern States?
-More people
-More factories
-More food production
-More railroads
-Better communication
What were the advantages of the Southern States?
-Better millitary leadership
-Highly motivated people
-Only had to defend their land
-On their home ground
What were the Southern States?
Texas, South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, and Louisiana.
Who was Robert E. Lee?
A general that led the South (Confederacy) in the war.
Who was Ulysses S. Grant?
A general that led the North (Union) in the war.
Who was George McClellan?
A general that was fired by Lincoln for not following Lee.
Who was William 'Tecumseh' Sherman?
Led a march (known as Sherman's March) across the South, destroying everything in his path.
Who was Andrew Johnson? What did he do?
He was the President after Lincoln's death. He had diffrent beliefs about reconstruction then Lincoln did. He vetoed Acts that freed slaves. He was later impeached for firing a cabinet member.
Who was Harriet Tubman?
She was a Conductor on the underground railroad.
Who was Harriet Beecher Stowe?
She wrote Uncle Toms Cabin.
Who was Abraham Lincoln? What was his original intent? Who was he killed by?
He was President during the war. He was killed by John Wilkes Booth. His original intent in the war was to restore the Union.
What did suspending the Habeas Corpus do?
It allowed the government to seize anyone they thought was a traitor or spy, and not tell them why. Lincoln was the one to suspend it.
Who was Thomas Jackson? What was he known as? Why?
A Confederate General that became known as "Stonewall" after he held off the Union at Bull Run.
Who formed the Republican Party? Who was the founder? How many blacks joined after the war?
It was formed by opponents of slavery (abolitionists). The founder was Horace Greeley. After the war 90% of blacks joined.
Which party won the 1856 election? With who?
The Democratic Party won with James Buchanan.
Who were the Free Soilers?
A politicl Party that was composed of northerners that opposed slavery.
Why were the Free Soilers against slavery?
For economic reasons. They thought that slaves made it harder for white workers to get jobs and to get more pay.
Who were the Whig's?
A political party. The members were divided by the issue of slavery.
What did the American Party belive in? What were they later known as?
Later known as the Know-Nothing Party. They believed in nativism (keeping foreigners out).
Who started the Ku Klux Clan? What did congress do?
Nathan Bedford Forest. Congress passes the enforcement acts of 1870 and 1871 to help curb the violence of the group.
What do Sharecroppers do?
Where familys are given a small plot of land to work in exhange for some of the crops.
What are Scalawags?
White farmers.
What are Carpetbaggers?
Northerners who came down South to make money after the war.
What are Redeemers?
Southern Democrates that wanted to regain Southern culture.
What does secession mean? Who was the first to secede from the Union.
It means to leave. South Carolina were the first to secede.
What did the 13th Amendment do?
It outlawed slavery.
What did the 14th Amendment do?
It made it so you cannot deny anyone their rights due to race. It was intended to overrule the Dred Scott decision.
What did the 15th Amendment do?
It gave black men the right to vote.