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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The person who answers a complaint.
A government body that brings charges against someone accused of breaking the law.
A guideline for how similar court cases should

be decided in the future.

To ask a higher court to review a lower court decision.
The person that brings a complaint against

another party.

What is the purpose of the judicial branch?
To interpret the law.
What is the purpose of a trial court?
To determine which facts are true or false.
What is the purpose of an appellant court?
To decide if there was an error in a previous


What is original jurisdiction?
The right for a court to hear the case first.
What is appellate jurisdiction?
The right for a court to hear a case on appeal.
Qualifications to be a federal judge?

There are no qualifications to be a federal judge.

They are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

They serve for life.

What Court has the final say about what the Constitution means?
The Supreme Court
What is judicial review?
The power of the Court to declare a law unconstitutional.
What case established judicial review?
Marbury v. Madison
Factors about a Supreme Court decision
Decisions only require a simple majority by the Justices.

Supreme Court decisions can only be overturned by a Constitutional amendment.

There are 9 justices on the Supreme Court.

What is a criminal case?
A case where if you are found guilty you can go to jail.
What is a civil case?
A case where you may owe money to someone for damages.
What are the three levels of the Federal Court System?
1.) U.S. District Court
(Pittsburgh is in the USDC for the Western Dist. of PA.)

2.) U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
(Pittsburgh is in the 3rd Circuit Court of appeals)

3.) U. S. Supreme Court

Judicial Review
The power of the court to declare a law


Judicial activism
The courts frequently overturn laws.
Judicial restraint
The court refrain from overturning laws.
Trial Courts
1.) U. S. District Court

2.) PA Court of Common Pleas

Appellate Courts
1.) U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals

2.) PA Commonwealth Court

3.) PA Supreme Court

Korematsu v. U.S.
Allowed Japanese Americans to be held without trial.
Marbury v. Madison
Established judicial review
Brown v. Board of Education
Ended segregation
Roe v. Wade
Legalized abortions
Miranda v. Arizona
Police must read you your rights when you are arrested.