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16 Cards in this Set

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Regarding auditing (NIST standards), what is the process of exercising one or more assessment objects under specified conditions to compare actual and expected behaviors?

Testing


Regarding auditing (NIST standards), what is the process of checking, inspecting, reviewing, observing, studying or analyzing one or more assessment objects to facilitate understanding, achieve clarification, or obtain evidence?


Examination


Regarding auditing (NIST standards), what is the process of conducting discussions with individuals o groups within an organization to facilitate understanding, achieve clarification, or identify the location of evidence.

Interviewing

What is the difference between a vulnerability assessment and penetration testing?

VA - Done by admins


PT - Done by hired hackers

For Penetration testing, what are white, grey, and black box?

White: have full knowledge of network


Grey: limited knowledge (costs less than black box)


Black: no knowledge (hacker approach)

What are the 3 types of pentesting?

1. Physical Security
2. Operational Security
3. Electronic Security

What is NIST's 800-137 that includes:


Define


Establish


Implement


Analyze/Report


Respond


Review/Update

CM - Continuous Monitoring

Define:
System Reboot


Emergency Reboot


Cold Start

System Reboot: System shuts itself down safely and restarts.
Emergency Reboot: System can't recover and basically restarts in "special or safe mode"
Cold Start: User intervention (manual reboot)

What is superzapping?

A utility to bypass access controls of an operating system. Administrators can use these for quick changes. Nothing is logged, so attackers can use them for malicious purposes.

What is it called when a packet is modified to have the same destination and origin address?

Denial Of Service

What is another name for a Browsing Attack?

Shoulder surfing

Juggernaut and Hunt are tools used for what kind of attack?

Session Hijacking

What is Kerckhoff's principle and why is it relevant?

The only secret portion to a cryptosystem should be the key so that the algorithms can be stronger

What is required for a secure Vernam cipher?

The pad must be used just one time

What are the RMF Steps?

Cat Sat On it's Assets All Morning...


CSOAAM

How are Type 1 and Type 2 Hypervisors different? What is the industry standard?

Type 1 - standard, installed from scratch


Type 2: installed over Windows