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10 Cards in this Set

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Important Figures

Virginia Axline


Carl Rogers

Rational

Nondirective rational


Philosophy of personality development - all individuals, including children, have the innate human capacity to strive towards growth and maturity provided nurturing conditions

Main Goal of all people (Rogers)

Self-actualization - complete realization of the self

Perceptual Field

Individual perception = reality


5 Tenets of CCPT

1. Child directs content


2. Not symptom or problem oriented


3. Internal frame of reference of the child accepted without challenge


4. Must be followed in totality


5. Those using it must believe in its power

8 Basic Principles of Axline

1. Therapist develops a good, warm relationship with the child, good rapport ASAP


2. The therapist accepts the cold exactly as he or she


3. Therapist est a feeling of permissiveness, allowing cold to feel free to express feelings completely


4. Therapist is alert to recognize the feelings the child is expressing and reflects those back so the child gains insight


5. Maintain a deep respect for the child's ability to solve own problems given opp to do so. The child leads the way, the therapist follows


6. No directing child's actions or conversations in any manner


7. Do not attempt to hurry therapy


8. Est only those limits that are necessary to anchor therapy in the world of reality and make cold aware of his or her responsibility in the relationship

Stages of Progression

WARM


1. Warm up


2. Aggression


3. Regression


4. Mastery

Limits

Placed only on behavior, never words


Pair limit setting with empathic statements

Why effective?

Child reveals true self to therapist, is accepted, grows a bit in self confidence, and is more able to extend the frontiers of his personality expression

Therapeutic Power

Plays out feelings, brings them to surface, faces them, learns to control or abandon them