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31 Cards in this Set

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Bronsted Acid
A proton donor
Bronsted Base
A proton acceptor
Conjugate Acid-Base Pair
Two substances that differ from each other only by one proton
Conjugate Acid
The proton donor
Conjugate Base
The proton acceptor
Amphoteric (amphiprotic)
A substance that can be either an acid or a base depending on the other substance present
Binary Acids
Acidic binary compounds between hydrogen and nonmetals
Oxoacids
Acids composed of hydrogen, oxygen, and some othe element
Oxoanion
An anion formed from an oxoacid
Lewis Acid
Any ionic or molecular spedies that can accept a pair of electrons in the formation of a coordinate covalent bond
Lewis Base
Any ionic or molecular species that can donate a pair of electrons in the formation of a coordinate covalent bond
Neutralization
The formation of a coordinate covalent bond between the donor (base) and the acceptor (acid)
Kw
The ion product constant of water
Neutral Solution
A solution in which the concentrations of hydronium and hydroxide are equal
Acidic Solution
One in which some solute has made the molar concentration of hydronium greater than that of hydroxide
Basic Solution
Exists when the molar concentration of hydroxide exceeds that of hyrdronium
Ka
Acid ionization constant (acid dissociation constant)
Common Ion
The ion in a mixture of ionic substances tha tis common to the formulas of at least two
Common Ion Effect
The solubility of one salt is reduced by the presence of another having a common ion
Ksp
The solubility product constant
Ion Product
The mass action expression for the solubility equilibrium involving the ions of a salt and equal to the product of the molar concentrations of the ions, each concentration raised to a power that equals the number of ions obtained from one formula unit of the salt
Molar Solubility
The number of moles of salt dissolved in one liter of its saturated solution
Selective Precipitation
Causing one metal ion to precipitate while holding another in solution
Kspa
Acid solubility product
Ligand
A Lewis base that attaches itself to a metal ion
Donor Atom
The atom in the ligand that actually provides the electron pair
Acceptor
The metal ion in the ligand
Coordination Compounds
Compounds that contain complex ions
Kform
Formation constant
Kinst
Instability constant
Complex Ion
The combination of one or more anions or neutral molecules (ligands) with a metal ion