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34 Cards in this Set

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What is chemical warfare?

Use of chemical agents to kill, seriously injure, or incapacitated personnel due to their effects

What are the 4 types of chemical agents?

Nerve


Blister


Blood


Choking

What is a nerve agent?

Liquid agent that disrupts nerve impulses while damaging body functions m

What are some nerve agents?

Sarin


Tabun


SOMAN


VX

What is a blister agent?

Liquid or solid agent that causes blistering, inflammation, and general destruction of tissue

What are some blister agents?

Distilled mustard gas


Levinstein Mustard


Phosgene Oxime


Lewisite

What is a Blood agent?

Gaseous agent that attacks enzymes in the blood, stopping it from carrying oxygen.

What are some Blood agents?

Hydrogen Cyanide


Cyanogen chloride


Arsine

What are Choking agents?

Gaseous or liquid agents with initial symptoms that include


Dry throat


Nausea


Vomiting


Tears


Headache

What are some examples of a Choking agent?

Phosgene and Diphosgene

What is M9 Chemical Detection Paper?

Detects the presence of LIQUID (not gas vapors) chemical agents by turning red.

What would you use as a therapy for nerve agent damage?

Atropine

Define Biological warfare.

The use of agents type cause disease, sickness, or death to reduce effectiveness of enemy forces.

What are some examples of pathogens?


Bacteria


Rickettsia


Viruses


Fungi


Protozoa


Prions

What are the major groupings of toxins by source?

Mycotoxins


Bacterial toxins


Algal toxins


Animal venoms


Plant toxins

What are the primary groups of toxins based on physiological effects?

Neurotoxins


Cytotoxins


Enterotoxins


Dermotoxins

What is IPE?

individual protective equipment

What are the primary pieces of IPE for chemical and biological warfare?

. protective mask


.Advanced chemical protective garment


.Chemical protected gloves and liners


. chemical protective overboots and laces


Skin decontamination kit

What is radiological warfare?

degenerate usr of radiological weapons to to produce widespread injury and death

What are the 5 types of nuclear explosions?

High altitude


Air burst


Surface burst


Shallow underwater burst


Deep underwater burst

What is the effect of a high altitude burst?

Explodes over 100,000ft, ionosphere disruption and EMP

What are the effects of an Air Burst?

Fireball does not touch the surface. Vacuum created by the severe blast causes radiation fallout.

What are the effects of a surface burst?

Worst fallout, touches the surface

What are the effects of a shallow water burst?

small fireball, large waves and water contamination

What are the effects of a deep underwater burst?

similar to shallow underwater burst, with less visuals and more contaminated water

2 shipboard radioactive shielding stations?

Ready-shelter stations


Deep-shelter stations

What is ready-shelter stations?

Just in the skin of the ship, minimum shielding from radiation, allows you to stay close to your battle station.

What is deep-shelter station?

Low in the ship near the centerline, greatest shielding from radiation. Often removed far from your battle station.

What is MOPP?

Mission Oriented Protective Posture

Mopp level 0?

IPE issued and within 5 min reach

Mopp level 1.

Jslist, mask, and gloves accessible

Mopp level 2

Mask carried

Mopp level 3

GQ, install filters on mask, don overboots

Mopp level 4

Don mask/hood, gloves