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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What was the fundamental strategic decision of World War II that was made by President Roosevelt and British prime minister Churchill at the very beginning of the war?

D- Roosevelt and Churchill prioritized the war in Europe and placed the Pacific war against Japan on the back burner.

All of the following were true of the experience of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II EXCEPT that:

E- near the conclusion of World War II, the U.S. Supreme Court declared internment of Japanese Americans to be unconstitutional and ordered them freed from internment camps.

How was inflation kept in check by the U.S. government despite the demands of the wartime economy?

E- The U.S. government imposed wage and price controls throughout the U.S. economy.

All of the following characterized labor relations with business and government during World War II EXCEPT:

E- a takeover by radical elements in several prominent labor unions to demand an end to government dictated wage ceilings.

What was one outcome of the employment of more than 6 million women in American industry during World War II?

C- The wartime establishment of child-care centers by the government.

All of the following characterized the experience of African Americans during World War II EXCEPT:

A- fighting in integrated combat units.

What crucial strategic mistake did the Japanese make in 1942 that doomed their attempt to control most of the Pacific?

C- The Japanese overextended themselves at Midway and in the Battle of the Coral Sea instead of digging in and consolidating their previous gains.

Which of the following best characterizes the primary U.S. strategy in its war against Japan?

D- The United States engaged in island hopping across the South Pacific, while bypassing Japanese strongholds.

Which of the following is NOT true about the European theater of war from 1941 to 1945?

D- President Roosevelt fulfilled his promise to the Soviets to open a second front n Western Europe by the end of 1942.

What effect did Roosevelt's and Churchill's declaration in January 1942 that the Allies would demand the absolute and unconditional surrender of Germany have on the ultimate course of the war?

A- It guaranteed that Germany would have to be totally reconstructed and politically reorganized after the war.

What was the most significant development in the Democratic convention of 1944?

A- Roosevelt's third-term liberal vice president, Henry Wallace, was dumped by Roosevelt in favor of Senator Harry Truman.

What was the outcome of the Potsdam conference in July 1945?

E- An ultimatum was issued to Japan to surrender or be destroyed.

Historians have offered all of the following scholarly criticisms of the momentous decision to drop the atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima EXCEPT that:

E- vigorous dissent from high levels of the American government was ignored and repudiated by President Truman.

World War II integrated Native Americans into daily life and the war effort in all of the following ways EXCEPT:

C- being appointed to government offices.

One way in which World War II affected the United States and its allies differently was that:

A- the U.S. economy prospered while its allies suffered financially.

In an effort to forestall an economic downturn, the Truman administration did all of the following EXCEPT:

E- continue wartime wage and price controls.

Which of the following was NOT a demographic characteristic of the post-World War II era in the United States?

E- Urban-suburban integration of blacks and whites in major metropolitan areas.

Which of the following was NOT among the key decision made by Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill at the Yalta conference?

D- The Soviets and Americans would militarily withdraw from Europe after a peace treaty was signed.

One of the most significant structural differences between the old League of Nation sand the new United Nations was that the United Nations:

B- gave a veto in the powerful Security Council to the five great powers.

Which of the following best describes the implementation of the containment doctrine, as developed by George F. Kennan and advanced by President Truman?

D- Possible Soviet expansion into Greece and Turkey should be blocked by providing firm but not aggressive military, diplomatic, and economic assistance o these two unstable European nations.

Critics of the Truman Doctrine assailed it for all of the following reasons EXCEPT that:

E- the Truman Doctrine would spark a revival of strident America First Committee-style isolationism in the United States.

All of the following were characteristics of President Truman's Marshall Plan EXCEPT that:

A- the United States offered generous and liberal terms to the Soviet Union in an effort to entice the USSR to accept Marshall Plan economic aid.

American membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization did all of the following EXCEPT:

C- reduce America's defense expenditures, since the United States would now get help from Western European countries and Canada.

Which of the following was NOT true of the new Japanese government installed by General Douglas MacArthur in 1946?

A- The Japanese government joined an American military alliance to prevent the spread of communism in East Asia.

Which of the following was NOT among the features of the increasing domestic anticommunist uproar of the late 1940s?

A- The Federal Bureau of Investigation successfully prevented the Soviets from stealing American atomic secrets.

All of the following characterized the NSC-68 document EXCEPT that:

E- the national security and military spending prescriptions contained the NSC-68 were embraced by the Midwestern isolationist wing of the Republican party.

What caused President Harry Truman to relieve General Douglas MacArthur from command of the United Nations troops in Korea in April of 1951?

D- MacArthur began to openly defy Truman's orders on military policy in Korea.

How does the 1950s baby boom continue to affect the United States today?

B- As "baby boomers" reach retirement age, the number of people eligible for Social Security puts a huge strain on the system.

The United States' move away from isolationism as it emerged as a superpower after World War II is evident in all of the following EXCEPT in:

E- the National Security Act established a National Security Council to advise the president on security matters.