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136 Cards in this Set

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Cutaneous

Pertaining to the skin

Dermal

Pertaining to the skin

Epidermal

Pertaining to upon the skin

Hypodermic

Pertaining to below the skin

Intradermal

Pertaining to within the skin

Subcutaneous

Pertaining to under the skin

Ungual

Pertaining to the nails

Dermatology

Branch of medicine involving diagnosis and treatment of conditions and diseases of the integumentary system

Plastic surgery

Surgical specialty involved in repair, reconstruction or improvement of body structures.

Abrasion

Scraping away of skin surface by friction

Anhidrosis

Abnormal condition of no sweat

Comedo

Collection of sebum in hair follicle

Black head

Contusion

Injury caused by a blow to the body


(Bruise)

Cyanosis

Bluish tint to the skin caused by deoxygenated blood

Cyst

Fluid filled sack under the skin

Depigmentaion

Loss of normal skin color or pigment

Tattoos cause depigmentation of the skin causing?

Diaphoresis

Profuse sweating

Ecchymosis

Skin discoloration following blunt trauma (a bruise)

Erythema

Redness or flushing of the skin

Erythroderma

The condition of having reddened or flushed skin

Fissure

Crack like lesion or groove on the skin

Hirsutism

Excessive hair growth over the body

Hir sounds like?

Hyperemia

Redness of the skin due to increased blood flow

Hyperhidrosis

Abnormal condition of excess sweating

Hyperpigmentation

Abnormal amount of pigmentation in the skin

Ichthyoderma

Condition of having scaly dry skin

Lesion

General term for wound, injury or abnormality

Leukoderma

Having skin that appears white due to no pigmentation

Lipoma

Fatty mass

Macule

Flat, discolored area that is flush with the skin surface

Birth mark

Necrosis

Abnormal condition of death

Nevus

Pigmented skin blemish, birthmark or mole.

A mole is a ____

Nodule

Firm solid mass of cells in the skin larger than .5 cm in diameter

Onychomalacia

Softening of the nails

Pallor

Abnormal paleness of the skin

Papule

Small, solid circular, raised spot on the surface of the skin less than .5cm in diameter

Petechiae

Pinpoint purple or red spots from minute hemorrhages under the skin

Photosensitivity

Condition in which the skin reacts abnormally when exposed to light.

Pruritus

Severe itching

Purpura

Hemorrhages into the skin due to fragile blood vessels

Old people hands

Purulent

Containing pus or an infection that is producing pus

Pustule

Raised spot on the skin containing pus

Pimple

Pyoderma

The presence of pus on or in the layers of skin

Scleroderma

A condition in which the skin has lost its elasticity and become hardened

Seborrhea

Oil discharge

Suppurative

Containing or producing pus

Ulcer

Open lesion or sore in skin or mucous membrane

Urticaria

(Hives) a skin eruption of pale reddish wheals with severe itching

Vesicle

small fluid filled raised spot on the skin

What is a blister

Wheal

Small, round, swollen area on the skin. Seen in allergic reaction as hives.

Xeroderma

Condition in which the skin becomes abnormally dry

Abscess

A collection of puss in the skin

Acne

Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles resulting In papules and pustules

Acne rosacea

Chronic form of acne Seen in adults

Acne vulgaris

Common form of acne seen in teenagers.

Albinism

A genetic condition in which the body cannot make melanin

Basal cell carcinoma

Cancerous tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis.

First degree burns are regarded as

Superficial burns

Second degree burns are regarded as

Partial thickness burns

3rd degree burns are regarded as

Full thickness burns

What is the rule of nines used for

A method for determining percentage of the body that's burned.

Cellulitis

A diffuse, acute infection and inflammation of the connective tissue found in the skin

Decubitis ulcer

Open sore caused by pressure over bony prominences cutting off blood flow to over lying skin (bed sore)

Bed

Dermatitis

Inflammation of the skin

Dermatosis

A general term indicating the presence of an abnormal skin condition

Dry gangrene

Late stages of gangrene characterized by the affected area becoming dried, blackened and shriveled

Eczema

Superficial dermatitis of unknown causes accompanied by redness vesicles itching and crusting

Gangrene

Tissue necrosis usually due to deficient blood supply

Ichthyosis

Condition in which the skin becomes dry, scaly and keretinized

Impetigo

A highly infectious bacterial infection of the skin

Kaposis sarcoma

Form of skin cancer seen in aids patients. Consists of brownish purple papules that spread from the skin and metastasize to internal organs

Keloid

Formation of a raised and thickened hypertrophic scar

Keratosis

Term for any skin condidtion involving an overgrowth and thickening of the epidermis layer.

Laceration

A torn or jagged wound, incorrectly used to describe a cut

Malignant melanoma

Dangerous form of skin cancer caused by an uncontrolled growth of melanocytes

Pediculosis

Infestation with lice

Psoriasis

Chronic inflammatory condition consisting of papules forming silvery scale patches

Rubella

Contagious viral skin infection

Scabies

Contagious skin disease that is caused by an egg laying mite

Sebaceous cyst

Sac under the skin filled with sebum or oil from a sebaceous gland

Cicatrix

A scar

Squamous cell carcinoma

Cancer of the epidermis layer of skin that may invade deeper tissue.

Strawberry hemangioma

Congenital collection of dilated blood vessels causing a red birth mark

Systemic lupus erythematosus

Chronic disease of the connective tissue that injures the skin, joints, kidneys, nervous system and mucous membrane.

Tinea

Fungal skin disease resulting in itching scaling and lesions

Tinea capitis

Fungal infection of the scalp

Tinea pedis

Fungal infection of the foot

Varicella

Chicken pox

Verruca

Benign growth caused by a virus (wart)

Alopecia

Absence or loss of hair

Carbuncle

Furuncle involving several follicles

Furuncle

Bacterial infection of the hair follicle

Trichomyosis

Abnormal condition of hair fungus

Onychia

Infected nail bed

Onychomycosis

Abnormal condition of nail fungus

Onychophagia

Nail eating

Paronychia

Infection of the skin fold around the nail

Culture and sensitivity

Laboratory test to grow infectious bacteria and see it's senesitivity to antibiotics

Biopsy

Tissue removed for viewing under a microscope

Exfoliative cytology

Scraping cells from tissue and examining under a microscope

Frozen section

Thin piece of tissue cut from a frozen specimen for examination under a microscope

Fungal scraping

Scrapings taken of tissue from lesions are placed on a growth medium and placed under a microscope to identify fungal growth.

Allograft

Skin graft from one person to another

Autograft

Skin graft from a person's own body

Dermatome

Instrument for cutting the skin

Dermatoplasty

Skin grafting

Skin graft

Transfer of skin from a normal area to cover another site

Xenograft

Skin graft from an animal to human

Cauterization

Destruction of tissue by using caustic agents. Ie chemicals, heat, electricity

Cynosurgery

Use of extreme cold to freeze and destroy tissue

Curettage

Removal of superficial skin lesions with a curette

Debridgement

Removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue from a wound

Elector cautery

To destroy tissue with an electrical current

Onychectomy

Removal of a nail

Chemabrasion

Abrasion using chemicals

Dermabrasion

Abrasion or rubbing using wire brushes or sand paper. To remove scars or tattoos

Liposuction

Removal of fat beneath the skin by means of suction

Rhytidectomy

Surgical removal of excess skin to remove wrinkles.

Antiprurtic

Reduces severe itching

Corticosteroid cream

Specific type of powerful anti infmmatory cream

Bcc

Basal cell carcinoma

Bx

Biopsy

C&s

Culture and sensitivity

Decub

Decubitus ulcer

Derm

Dermatology

Fs

Frozen section

Hsv

Herpes simplex virus

I&d

Incision and drainage

ID

Intradermal

MM

Malignant melanoma

Scc

Squamous cell carcinoma

SG

Skin graft

SLE

Systemic lupus erythematosus

STSG

split thickness skin graft

Subcu

Subcutaneous

Uv

Ultraviolet