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45 Cards in this Set

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What temporary effect will a negative electrode pole produce when applying Galvanic Current during an electrotherapy treatment?

increase in blood flow
expansion of nerve tissues
contraction of blood vessels
production of an acid reaction
Increase in blood flow.

A negative electrode pole used during Galvanic Current will temporarily increase a client's blood flow.
A volt is a unit of electric:

strength
pressure
frequency
resistance
Pressure.

A volt is a unit of electric pressure.
Materials that do not allow electricity to flow through them are called:

insulators
conductors
open circuits
closed circuits
Insulators.

Electricity cannot flow through insulators.
When performing an electrotherapy procedure, what apparatus or current conductor is used to bring the current from the appliance to the client's skin?

watt
resistor
electrode
wall plate
Electrode.

An electrode is used to bring the current from the appliance to the client's skin during an electrotherapy procedure.
Which of the following is NOT a way for heat to be transferred from one object to another?

phoresis
radiation
convection
conduction
Phoresis.

Heat can be transferred from one object to another in one of three ways: conduction, convection and radiation.
Which electrotherapy treatment can cause sebum to be broken down or blackheads to be liquefied, as in deep-pore cleansing?

Sinusoidal
anaphoresis
cataphoresis
desincrustation
Desincrustation.

Desincrustation causes sebum to be broken down or blackheads to be liquefied, as in deep-pore cleansing.
Material such as glass, rubber or paper around a conductor that does not allow current to pass through it is called a(n):

watt
prism
insulator
conductor
Insulator.

Material such as glass, rubber or paper, wrapped around a conductor, that does not allow current to pass through it is called an insulator.
Which of the following are also known as actinic rays?

infrared
red
ultraviolet
white
Ultraviolet.

Ultraviolet rays are also known as actinic rays.
A unit of electrical resistance is called a(n):

volt
ohm
watt
insulator
Ohm.

A unit of electrical resistance is called an ohm.
Light, heat, chemical and magnetic changes are all produced by:

force
conductors
electricity
a short circuit
Electricity.

Light, heat, chemical and magnetic changes are all produced by electricity.
Material that best transports electricity is a(n):

watt
prism
insulator
conductor
Conductor.

Material that best transports electricity is a conductor.
Treatment with light rays is called:

phoresis
light therapy
mechanical effect
combination cataphoresis
Light therapy.

Light therapy is the production of beneficial effects on the body through treatments using light rays or waves.
Faradic Current is used chiefly to cause:

soothing effects
chemical effects
the transfer of heat
muscle contractions
Muscle contractions.

Faradic Current is used chiefly to cause muscle contractions.
Which of the following materials does NOT allow a current to pass through it?

metal
water
carbon
alcohol
Alcohol.

Alcohol does not allow a current to pass through it.
Which of the following will produce a mild, stimulating sensation while using High Frequency Current?

wetting the area to be treated
wrapping the electrode in three towels
slightly separating the electrode from the skin
keeping the electrode in direct contact with the area being tested
Slightly separating the electrode from the skin.

Slightly separating the electrode from the skin will produce a mild, stimulating sensation during the use of a High Frequency Current.
An ampere is a unit of electric:

strength
pressure
frequency
resistance
Strength.

An ampere is a unit of electric strength.
When using Galvanic Current on clients in a salon, what precaution must a salon professional take in order to prevent injury to the client?

do not wrap electrodes in moist cotton
do not use over an area having broken capillaries
do not apply the active electrode to the client's skin
do not allow the client to hold the inactive electrode
Do not use over an area having broken capillaries.

Do NOT use Galvanic Current on a client that exhibits broken capillaries.
The electrode that is negatively charged during an electrotherapy treament is known as a(n):

anode
cathode
insulator
grounding wire
Cathode.

All electrotherapy have both a negatively charged electrode (called a cathode) and a positively charged electrode (called an anode).
Which of the following is NOT a temporary effect of the positive pole of Galvanic Current?

softens tissues
soothes nerves
produces an acidic reaction
slows blood flow by contracting the vessels
Softens tissues.

Temporary effects of the positive pole of Galvanic Current include soothing nerves, producing an acidic reaction and slowing blood flow by contracting the vessels.
The longest wavelengths in the visible spectrum are:

red rays
violet rays
yellow rays
ultraviolet rays
Red rays.

The wavelengths that produce red rays are the longest waves of the visible spectrum.
Which of the following devices breaks the flow of current when an overload occurs?

fuse
insulator
circuit breaker
grounding wire
Circuit breaker.

A circuit breaker breaks the flow of current when an overload occurs.
Which of the following steps should NOT be followed to break the circuit when a person comes in contact with an electric current?

unplug the appliance
turn off all circuit breakers
touch the person to ground the circuit
knock the person out of the circuit using an insulator
Touch the person to the ground circuit.

Do NOT touch a person to ground the circuit when a person comes in contact with an electric current.
The average distance an infrared lamp should be placed during a facial is about:

24 inches
10 inches
18 inches
30 inches
30 inches.

The average distance you should place an infrared lamp during a facial is about 30 inches.
Since silver and copper transmit electricity, they are called:

electrons
insulators
conductors
closed circuits
Conductors.

Silver and copper transmit electricity and are conductors.
When using ultraviolet rays, make sure you and your client wear:

jewelry
cotton eye pads
protective eyewear
low, broad-heeled shoes
Protective eyewear.

When using ultraviolet rays, you and your client should wear protective eyewear.
The process of forcing an acid or alkali into the skin by applying current to the chemical is called:

phoresis
anaphoresis
cataphoresis
iontophoresis
Phoresis.

The process of forcing an acid or alkali into the skin by applying current to the chemical is called phoresis.
A measure of how much electric energy is being used is known as a:

volt
watt
load
conductor
Watt.

A measure of how much electrical energy is being used is known as a watt.
How many milliamperes equal one ampere?

10
100
1000
1000000
1000.

One ampere equals one thousand milliamperes.
High Frequency and alternating current are characteristics of which type of electrotherapy?

Tesla
Galvanic
Sinusoidal
direct current
Tesla.

High Frequency and alternating current are characteristics of a Tesla electrotherapy treatment.
The application of special currents (or modalities) that have a variety of effects on the skin is called:

light therapy
electrotherapy
chemical therapy
mechanical therapy
Electrotherapy.

The application of special currents (or modalities) that have a variety of effects on the skin is called electrotherapy.
A constant electric current flowing in one direction is called a(n):

direct current
Faradic Current
Sinusoidal Current
alternating current
Direct current.

A constant electrical current flowing in one direction is called a direct current.
Any electrical appliance activated by the flow of electric current such as a blow dryer is known as a(n):

load
electron
insulator
conductor
Load.

A salon is full of loads (electrically powered appliances) just waiting to be activated by the flow of electric current such as a hair dryer.
The direct current used in electrotherapy treatments is:

Tesla
Faradic
Galvanic
Sinusoidal
Galvanic.

The direct current used in electrotherapy treatments is Galvanic.
An alternating current which can be adjusted to different voltages to produce heat is:

Faradic
Galvanic
Sinusoidal
High Frequency
High frequency.

Tesla, High Frequency Current, known as the "violet-ray" is an alternating current, which can be adjusted to different voltages to produce heat.
Which of the following benefits is derived from UV light?

it burns the skin
it causes skin infections
small doses tan the skin
it photochemically damages hair
Small doses tan the skin.

A benefit of UV light is that small doses tan the skin.
Bacteria that cause skin infections can be killed by:

infrared light
ultraviolet light
fluorescent light
incandescent light
Ultraviolet.

UV light is germicidal and can kill bacteria that cause skin infections.
Small doses of ultraviolet light may help the body produce:

vitamin A
vitamin B
vitamin C
vitamin D
Vitamin D.

Small doses of ultraviolet light may help the body produce vitamin D.
If the client is holding the active electrode while the salon professional manually stimulates the area being treated, what method of Tesla Current is being used?

direct application
indirect application
broad electrification
general electrification
Indirect application.

Indirect application utilizes Tesla Current while the client holds the activated electrode and the salon professional manually stimulates the area being treated.
Before using ultraviolet light on a client, the skin or scalp should be:

wet
oily
cleansed
moisturized
Cleansed.

The skin or scalp should be cleansed before using ultraviolet light on the client.
Which of the following is a benefit of using infrared light during a facial?

kills bacteria
produces Vitamin D
increases circulation
helps control dandruff
Increases circulation.

Benefits of using infrared light during a facial include increased circulation, increased skin gland secretions and relaxation of the muscles.
Tesla, a high frequency current, is known as the:

red ray
violet ray
infrared ray
ultraviolet ray
Violet ray.

Tesla, a high frequency current, is known as the violet ray.
Which type of current is an alternating current with a mechanical effect to help produce muscle contractions?

Tesla
Faradic
Sinusoidal
High Frequency
Sinusoidal.

Sinusoidal Current is an alternating current with a mechanical effect that produces muscle contractions.
Which type of light can be broken into its individual wavelengths by a prism?

infrared
ultraviolet
combination
incandescent
Combination.

Combination light can be broken into its individual wavelengths by a prism.
A salon owner wants to mimic natural sunlight as closely as possible in the salon reception area. Which type of light would most likely be used to accomplish this requirement?

infrared
ultraviolet
fluorescent
incandescent
Incandescent.

Although more expensive to operate and replace than fluorescent light, incandescent light creates the closest substitute for natural sunlight.
Pure heat rays are produced by:

white light
actinic rays
infrared rays
ultraviolet rays
Infrared rays.

Just as infrared rays produce pure heat rays, any infrared light produces heat.