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78 Cards in this Set

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Tools and equipment are used in __________ _____ fire suppression and rescue operations.

almost all

Hand tools are used to _______ or _______ the actions of your body and to increase your __________ in performing specific functions.

extend / multiply / effectiveness

Power tools and equipment use an external source of _______ and are faster and more _________ than hand tools.
power / efficient
Always wear ______ when using tools or equipment.
PPE

__________ tools: Apply a rotational force to make something turn and used to assemble and diassemble items. _________ tools include screwdrivers, wrenches, and pliers.

Rotating tools

__________ or __________ tools: Used to pry and spread. May be as simple as a pry bar or as mechanically complex as a hydraulic spreader. _______ and ___________ tools include claw bar, crowbar, and Halligan tool.

Prying or spreading

___________ or __________ tools: Extend your reach and increase the power you can exert upon an object. __________ and __________ tools include pike poles, closet hooks, K tools, and ceiling hooks.

Pushing / pulling
__________ tools: Used to apply an impact force to an object. __________ tools include hammers, mallets, axes, and spring-loaded center punches.
Striking
________ tools: Tools with sharp edges that sever objects. ________ tools include bolt cutters, chainsaws, cutting torches, and handsaws.
Cutting

________-_______ tools: Designed to perform multiple functions, thereby reducing the total number of tools needed to achieve a goal. Some combination tools can be used to cut, to pry, to strike, and turn off utilities.

Multiple Use

Forcible entry tools are used to gain entrance to a locked building:

Prying tools, Axes, Sledgehammer, Hammer or mallet, Chisel or punch, K tool, Saw, Bolt Cutter, Battering Ram, Hydraulic Door opener, Hydraulic rescue tool,
Interior attack team uses the following tools:
• A prying tool, such as a Halligan tool
• A striking tool, such as a flat-head axe or a sledgehammer
• A cutting tool, such as an axe
• A pushing/pulling tool, such as a pike pole
• A strong hand light or portable light
A search and rescue team should carry the same basic hand tools as the interior attack team, as well as:
A short pike pole, thermal imaging devices, portable lights, and life lines
An RIC should carry the following special equipment:
• Thermal imaging device
• Additional portable lighting
• Life lines
• Prying tools
• Striking tools
• Cutting tools, including a power saw
• SCBA or spare air cylinders with Rapid Intervention Team universal air connection
The objective of ventilation is to provide openings so that fresh air can enter a burning structure and hot gases and products of combustion can escape from the building. The following special equipment is needed for ventilation:
• Positive-pressure fans
• Negative-pressure (exhaust) fans
• Pulling and pushing tools (long pike poles)
• Cutting tools (power saws and axes)

The purpose of ________ is to examine the fire scene carefully and ensure that all hidden fires are extinguished.

overhaul
The following tools are used during overhaul operations:
• Pushing tools (pike poles of varying lengths)
• Prying tools (Halligan tool)
• Striking tools (sledgehammer, flat-head axe, hammer, mallet)
• Cutting tools (axes, power saws)
• Debris-removal tools (shovels, brooms, rakes, buckets, carryalls)
• Water-removal equipment (water vacuums)
• Ventilation equipment (electric, gas, or water-powered fans)
• Portable lighting
• Sprinkler shut-off tools
• Thermal imaging devices

_______ ________ often involves placing a tarp or salvage cover on the ground at a designated location and laying out commonly used tools and equipment so that they can be readily accessed.

Tool staging

All tools and equipment must be ____________ __________ so that they will be ready for use when they are needed. That means you must keep equipment clean and free from rust, keep cutting blades sharpened, and keep fuel tanks filled.

properly maintained

Test power equipment and tools _________, and have them serviced _____________.

frequently / regularly

Read and follow the ________________ ____________, and follow all instructions on the care and inspection of power tools and equipment.

manufacturer’s manuals

A tool made of hardened steel with handles on the sides used to force doors and to breach walls. Larger versions may be used by as many as four people; smaller versions are made for one or two people.

Battering Ram

A cutting tool used to cut through thick metal objects such as bolts, locks, and wire fences.

Bolt Cutter

A hand tool used to tighten or loosen bolts. The end is enclosed, as opposed to an open-end wrench. Each wrench is a specific size, and most have ratchets for easier use.

Box-end wrench

A saw designed for cutting wood.

Carpenter’s handsaw

A tool with a long wooden or fiberglass pole that has a metal point with a spur at right angles at one end. It can be used to probe ceilings and pull down plaster lath material.

Ceiling hook

A power saw that uses the rotating movement of a chain equipped with sharpened cutting edges. It is typically used to cut through wood.

Chainsaw

A metal tool with one sharpened end that is used to break apart material in conjunction with a hammer, mallet, or sledgehammer.

Chisel

A tool with a pointed claw-hook on one end and a forked- or flat-chisel pry on the other end. It is often used for forcible entry.

Claw bar

A multipurpose tool that can be used for several forcible entry and ventilation applications because of its unique head design.

Clemens hook

A type of pike pole intended for use in tight spaces, commonly 2 to 4 feet in length.

Closet hook

A hand-operated tool used for dragging or lifting heavy objects that uses pulleys and cables or chains to multiply a pulling or lifting force.

Come along

A saw designed to cut curves in wood.

Coping saw

One set or pair of connection devices attached to a fire hose that allow the hose to be interconnected to additional lengths of hose or adapters and other fire-fighting appliances. (NFPA 1963)

Coupling

A straight bar made of steel or iron with a forkedlike chisel on the working end that is suitable for performing forcible entry.

Crowbar

_____________ produces a high-temperature flame capable of heating metal to its melting point, thereby cutting through an object. Because of the high temperatures (5700°F) that these torches produce, the operator must be specially trained before using this tool.

Cutting torch

A specialized version of a pike pole that can remove drywall more effectively because of its hook design.

Drywall hook

A specialized type of prying tool made of flat steel with prying ends suitable for performing forcible entry.

Flat bar

A tool that has a head with an axe on one side and a flat head on the opposite side.

Flat-head axe

Techniques used by fire personnel to gain entry into buildings, vehicles, aircraft, or other areas of confinement when normal means of entry are locked or blocked. (NFPA 402)

Forcible entry

A hand tool with a pincer-like working end that can be used to bend wire or hold smaller objects.

Gripping pliers

A cutting tool designed for use on metal. Different blades can be used for cutting different types of metal.

Hacksaw

A prying tool that incorporates a pick and a fork, specifically designed for use in the fire service.

Halligan tool

A striking tool.

Hammer

A small, portable light carried by fire fighters to improve visibility at emergency scenes. It is often powered by rechargeable batteries.

Hand light

A manually powered saw designed to cut different types of materials. Examples include hacksaws, carpenter’s handsaws, keyhole saws, and coping saws.

Handsaw

A multipurpose tool that can be used for several forcible entry and ventilation applications because of its unique design. It may also be used as a hydrant wrench.

Hux bar

A hand tool that is used to operate the valves on a hydrant; it may also be used as a spanner wrench. Some models are plain wrenches, whereas others have a ratchet feature.

Hydrant wrench

A lightweight, hand-operated tool that can produce up to 10,000 pounds of cutting force.

Hydraulic shears

A lightweight, hand-operated tool that can produce up to 10,000 pounds of prying and spreading force.

Hydraulic spreader

The assignment of a team of fire fighters to enter a structure and attempt fire suppression.

Interior attack

A combination of tools, usually consisting of a Halligan tool and a flat-head axe, that are commonly used for forcible entry.

Irons

A tool that is used to remove lock cylinders from structural doors so the locking mechanism can be unlocked.

K tool

A steel bar with two main features: a large pick and a large chisel or fork.

Kelly tool

A saw designed to cut circles in wood for keyholes.

Keyhole saw

A rope secured to a fire fighter that enables the fire fighter to retrace his or her steps out of a structure.

Life line

A short-handled hammer.

Mallet

A specialized striking tool, weighing 6 pounds or more, with an axe on one end and a sledgehammer on the other end.

Maul

A saw that is usually powered by an electric motor or a gasoline engine. The three primary types of mechanical saws are chainsaws, rotary saws, and reciprocating saws.

Mechanical saw

A long pole with a wooden or fiberglass handle and a metal hook on one end used for pulling.

Multipurpose hook

A hand tool that is used to tighten or loosen bolts. The end is open, as opposed to a box-end wrench. Each wrench is a specific size.

Open-end wrench

The process of final extinguishment after the main body of a fire has been knocked down. All traces of fire must be extinguished at this time. (NFPA 402, 2002)

Overhaul

A tool that has a head with an axe on one side and a pointed end (“pick”) on the opposite side.

Pick-head axe

A pole with a sharp point (“pike”) on one end coupled with a hook. It is used to make openings in ceilings and walls. Pike poles are manufactured in different lengths for use in rooms of different heights.

Pike pole

A wrench having one fixed grip and one movable grip that can be adjusted to fit securely around pipes and other tubular objects.

Pipe wrench

The changing of air within a compartment by natural or mechanical means. Ventilation can be achieved by introduction of fresh air to dilute contaminated air or by local exhaust of contaminated air. (NFPA 302, 2004)

Ventilation

An electronic device that detects differences in temperature based on infrared energy and then generates images based on those data. It is commonly used in smoke-filled environments to locate victims as well as to search for hidden fire during size-up and overhaul.

Thermal imaging device

A spring-loaded punch used to break automobile glass.

Spring-loaded center punch

A type of tool used to couple or uncouple hoses by turning the rocker lugs on the connections.

Spanner wrench

The observation and evaluation of existing factors that are used to develop objectives, strategy, and tactics for fire suppression. (NFPA 1051)

Size-up

The process of searching a building for a victim and extricating the victim from the building.

Search and rescue

A multipurpose tool that can be used for several forcible entry and ventilation applications because of its unique design, which includes a built-in gas shut-off and directional slot.

San Francisco hook

A long pole with a solid metal hook used for pulling.

Roofman’s hook

Immediate and ongoing activities, tasks, programs, and systems to manage the effects of an incident that threatens life, property, operations, or the environment. (NFPA 1600)

Response

A minimum of two fully equipped personnel on site, in a ready state, who are assigned to immediate rescue of injured or trapped fire fighters. Also called a rapid intervention team (RIT).

Rapid intervention company/crew (RIC)

A hydraulic spreading tool designed to pry open doors that swing inward.

Rabbet tool

A specialized prying tool made of a hardened steel rod with a tapered end that can be inserted into a small area.

Pry bar

A long pole with a pointed head and two retractable cutting blades on the side.

Plaster hook