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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
CO2 and H2O
The reactants of photosynthesis and the products of cellular respiration
C6H12O6 and O2
The reactants of cellular respiration and the products of photosythesis
Pigments
Light-absorbing molecules
RuBP
The molecule produced in the last step of the Calvin Cycle
Location of the Krebs Cycle
Mitochondrion
NADH
Used in cellular respiration
NADPH
Used in photosynthesis
Glycolysis
Part of cellular respiration
converts glucose into two molecules of pyruvate
Energy
The ability to do work
ATP
The molecule that provides energy for virtually every process in the cell
Chlorophyll
Organelle that performs photosynthesis
Thylakoids
Flattened membranes in the chloroplast arranged in stacks called grana
1st Law of Thermodynamics
Energy can be neither created nor destroyed (Energy is conserved)
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
All systems tend to progress towards increasing states of disorder
Catabolic Pathways
Pathways that involve the break down of larger molecules into smaller molecules to release energy
Anabolic Pathways
Pathways that use energy to build large molecules from small molecules
C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
Chemical reaction for cellular respiration.
Aerobic Processes
Chemical processes that require oxygen (Example: cellular respiration)
Why do leaves turn yellow and brown in the fall?
During the spring and summer
leaves contain a lot of chlorophyll
Fermentation
Anaerobic respiration. Two types: lactic acid fermentation and alcohol fermentation