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69 Cards in this Set

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Process by which nutrient material is transferred from the gastrointestinal tract into the bloodstream or lymph

Absorption

Enzyme that breaks down starch

amylase

Building up of the body tissue in the constructive phase of metabolism

Anabolism

Lack of appetite, decreased desire for food

Anorexia

Surgical excision of the Appendix

Appendectomy

Inflammation of the Appendix

Appendicitis

Significant accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity

ascites

Pertaining to bile

biliary

Orange - colored bile pigments produced by the separation of hemoglobin into parts that are excreted by the liver cells

Bilirubin

Condition in which the tongue is covered by hair-like papillae entangled with threads produced by Aspergillus Niger or Candida albicans fungi

Black hairy tongue

Intestine

Bowel

pertaining to the cheek or mouth

buccal

A breaking down of complex substances into more basic elements

Catabolism

Pertaining to the abdomen

Celiac

Abnormal condition of the lip as seen in riboflavin and other B- complex deficiencies

cheilosis

surgical excision of the gallbladder

Cholecystectomy

Inflammation of the gallbladder

Cholecystitis

Surgical incision of the common bile duct

choledochotomy

Milky fluid of intestinal digestion composed of lymph and emulsified fats

chyle

Chronic degenerative liver disease characterized by changes in the lobes: parenchymal cells and the levels are infiltrated with fat

Cirrhosis

Surgical excision of part of the colon

Colectomy

Malignancy of the colon, sometimes called colo-rectal cancer

Colon cancer

Pertaining to the colon

Colonic

Then, lighted, flexible instrument that is used to view the interior of the colon during the colonoscopy

colonoscope

Visual examination of the colon via a colonoscope

Colonoscopy

The creation of a new opening into the colon

Colostomy

Infrequent passage of unduly hard and dry feces

Constipation

Chronic autoimmune disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract but most commonly occurs in the ileum

Crohn's disease

Evacuation of the bowel

Defecation

Act or process of swallowing

Deglutition

Pain in a tooth

dentalgia

Specializes in dentistry

Dentist

Type, number, and arrangement of teeth in the dental arch

dentition

frequent passage of unformed watery stools

Diarrhea

Process by which food is changed in the mouth, stomach, and intestines by chemical, mechanical, and physical action so that it can be absorbed by the body

Digestion

inflammation of the diverticula

Diverticulitis

Pertaining to the duodenum, the first part of the small intestine

duodenal

An intestinal disease characterized by inflammation of the mucous membrane

Dysentery

Difficulty in digestion

Dyspepsia

Difficulty in swallowing

Dysphagia

Vomiting

Emesis

Pertaining to the small intestine

Enteric

Inflammation of the small intestine

Enteritis

Protein substance capable of causing rapid chemical changes and other substances without being changed itself

Enzyme

Pertaining to the region above the stomach

Epigastric

Belching

eructation

Pertaining to the esophagus

Esophageal

Body waste discharged from the bowel by way of the anus

feces

Fibrous, encapsulated connective tissue tumor

Fibroma

The expelling of gas from the anus

flatus

Surgical excision of a part or the whole stomach

Gastrectomy

Pertaining to the stomach

Gastric

Study of the stomach and intestines

Gastroenterology

Condition that occurs when the muscle between the esophagus and the stomach, the lower esophageal sphincter, is weak or relaxes inappropriately, allowing the stomach contents to back up into the esophagus

Gastroesophageal esophageal reflux disease (GERD)

To feed liquid or semi liquid food via a tube or nasogastric

Gavage

Inflammation of the gums

Gingivitis

Partial or complete surgical exposition of the tongue

glossectomy

Formation of glycogen from glucose

Glycogenesis

Bad breath

Halitosis

Vomited up blood

Hematemesis

Passage of stools that contain red blood

Hematochezia

Mass of dilated, tortuous veins in the anorectum

Hemorrhoids

Inflammation of the liver

Hepatitis

Tumor of the liver

Hepatoma

Abnormal protrusion of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the body cavity

Hernia

Surgical repair of a hernia

Herniorrhaphy

Intravenous infusion of a hypertonic solution to sustain life

Hyperalimentation

Excessive vomiting

Hyperemesis

Pertaining to below the stomach

Hypogastric