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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Circuit

Definition: "an established itinerary of events or venues used for a particular activity, typically involving public performance"

Jurisdiction

Definition: "the official power to make legal decisions and judgments"

Exclusive Jurisdiction

Definition: "In civil procedure, exclusive jurisdiction exists where one court has the power to adjudicate a case to the exclusion of all other courts"

Concurrent Jurisdiction

Definition: "Concurrent jurisdiction exists where two or more courts from different systems simultaneously have jurisdiction over a specific case"

Acknowledge

Definition: "accept or admit the existence or truth of"

Circumstance

Definition: "one's state of financial or material welfare"

District Court

Definition: "a state of federal trial court"

Original Jurisdiction

Definition: "The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a court has the power to review a lower court's decision"

Appeals Court

Definition: "a court that hears appeals from a lower court"

Appellate Jurisdiction

Definition: "Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts"

Remand

Definition: "a committal to custody"

Opinion

Definition: "a view or judgment formed about something, not necessarily based on fact or knowledge"

Precedent

Definition: "an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances"

Judicial Review

Definition: "review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act"

Constitutional

Definition: "of or relating to an established set of principles governing a state"

Philosophy

Definition: "the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline"

Conflict

Definition: "a serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one"

Docket

Definition: "a document or label listing the contents of a package or delivery"

Brief

Definition: "a concise statement or summary"

Majority Opinion

Definition: "In law, a majority opinion is a judicial opinion agreed to by more than half of the members of a court"

Unanimous Opinion

Definition: "In law, a concurring opinion is a written opinion by one or more judges of a court which agrees with the decision made by the majority of the court, but states different reasons as the basis for his or her decision"

Concurring Opinion

Definition: "In law, a concurring opinion is a written opinion by one or more judges of a court which agrees with the decision made by the majority of the court, but states different reasons as the basis for his or her decision"

Dissenting Opinion

Definition: "A dissenting opinion (or dissent) is an opinion in a legal case written by one or more judges expressing disagreement with the majority opinion of the court which gives rise to its judgment"

Stare Decisis

Definition: "the legal principle of determining points in litigation according to precedent"