Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/36

Click to flip

36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Chlo/e
Bile, gall
Combining word
Enter/o
Small intestine
Ileumgas
Gastr/o
Stomach
Lapar/o
Abdomen
Or/o
Mouth
Proct/o
Anus & rectum
Epiglottis
A cartilaginous flap that folds down to cover the larynx & trachea (windpipe) so food is prevent from entering respiratory tract but continues into esophagus
Peristaisis
Wavelike muscular contraction
3 pairs of salivary glands
1. Parotid glands: near ear
2. Submandibular glands: below tongue
3. Sublingual gland: below tongue
Gallbladder
Store bile that produce by liver
Bolus
Chewed food ready to be swallow
3 parts/region of stomach
1. Fundus: upper
2. Body: main
3. Antrum: lower
Pyloric sphinter
Regulates passage of food into small intestine
3 parts of small intestine
1. Duodenum
2. Jejunum
3. Ileum
Gastroenteritis
Inflammation of stomach & small intestine
Hiatal hernia
Aka diaphragmatocele
Protrusion of the stomach thru diaphragm
Bile
Produced by liver and stored in gallbladder
Duodenum
Liquid chyme from stomach mixed w/ digestive juices from pancreas & gallbladder Digestion completed here
Vermiform appedix
Small worm-shape outgrowth @ the end of cecum
4 parts of large intestines (colon)
Ascending colon
Transverse colon
Descending colon
Sigmoid colon
Gastroenterology
Physician is a gatroenterologist
Gastr/o: stomach
Enter/o: small intestine (ileum)
-ology: study of
Proctology
Proctologist is a physician
Proct/o: anus/rectum
-logy: study of
Anorexia
Loss of appetite
An: without
Rexia: appetite
Diarr
Passing watery/bloody bowel movement
Gastrointestinal (GI) disorder
-rrhea: flow
Dyspepsia
Upset stomach
Indigestion
Dys: difficult
Pepsia: digestion
Dysphagia
Difficult eating/swallowing
Dys: difficult, pain
Phagia: eating
Polyphagia
Excessive eating
Eat too much
Poly: many
Phagia: eating
Regurgitation
Vomit
Return of fluid & solid from stomach into mouth
Dental caries
Tooth decay
Gingivitis
Inflammation of gums
Gingiv/o: gums
-itis: inflammation
Diverticulitis
Inflammation of diverticulum
Especially in colon due to food stuck in pouch
Diverticul/o: pouch
-itis: inflammation
Enteritis
Inflammation of small intestine
Enter/o: small intestine ( ileum)
Volvulus
A condition bowel twists upon itself causing an obstruction painful & need surgery immediately
Twisted small intestine
Chloecystitis
Inflammation of gallbladder
Chol/e: gall/bile
Cyst: bladder
-itis: inflammation
Cholelitgiasis
Presence of gallstone
Chol/e: bile /gall
Lith/o: stone
-iasis: condition
Cirrhosis
Chronic liver disease