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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Mt. Vernon Congress
to review what would be done about the countrys inability to overcome critical problems
Annapolis Convention
was held to discuss ways to improve commercial relations among the state between the delegates.
James Madison
directed the work in fashioning specific articles of the constitution
Checks and balances
one branch of government having sufficient power to check the others
constitutional convention
held for the purpose of revising the Articles of confederation
Virginia Plan
favored large states
New Jersey Plan
favored the small states
Connecticut Plan, Great Compromise
provided for a two house congress
Three-fifths compromise
counted each slave as three-fifths of a person for the purpose of determining a states level of taxation and representation
the upper house of US congress
Commercial compromise
allowed congress to regulate interstate and foreign commerce
electoral college system
rather tan having the people elect a president delegates decided to assign to each state an number of electors equal to the total of that states representatives and senators
those who supported the constitution and a strong gov
didnt support the constitution
the federalists papers
presented cogent reasons for believing in the practicality of each major provision of the constitution.
bill of rights, amendments
rights listed to the people
legislative branch
determined from day to day by the decisions of congress
executive departments
the president as head
supreme court
top of federal court in judicial branch
executive departments
secretary of state, treasury, and attorney general
Alexander Hamilton
secretary of treasury
Judiciary Act
established a supreme court with one chief justice and five associate justices
Federal court
supreme court
infant industries
new and developing
national bank
printed bank notes
French Revolutionary war
because Britain was seizing american merchant ships bound for french ports US joined french against Britain
proclamation of neutrality
Washington believed that america was not strong enough to engage on the European war so ge issued this
citizen edmond genet
broke all the normal rules of diplomacy by appealing directly to the American people to suppport the French cause
jay treaty
thomas pinckeney negotiated a treaty in which spain agreed to open the lower mississippi river and new orleans to american trade
right of deposit
granted to americans so that they could transfer cargoes in cew orleans with out paying duties to the spanish government
battle of fallen timbers
british provided indians with arms and encouraged them to attack intruding americans. army led by general anthony wayne defeated native americans
Whisky rebellion
refusal of a group of farmers to pay federal tax on whisky
public land act
established orderly procedures for dividing and selling federal lands at reasonable prices
federalists era
dominated by two federalists presidents plitical parities began to form around two leading figures