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66 Cards in this Set

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Cranium and facial skeleton

What are the two parts of the skull?

14

How many bones does the facial skeleton have?

8

How many bones does the cranium have?

Occipital bone

Hindmost bone of skull

Protects the skull

What does the cranium do?

Parietal bones

Sides and top of cranium

Frontal bone

Forehead

Temporal bones

Sides of head near ears

Ethmoid

Spongy bone between eye socket

Sphenoid

Bone that joins all cranium bones together

Nasal bone

Forms the bridge of nose

Lacrimal bone

Small, thin bone. Located at front inner wall of eye sockets.

Zygomatic bones

Cheekbones

Maxillae

Bones of upper jaw.

Mandible

Lower jawbone; largest and strongest bone of the face

Hyoid bone

U shaped bone at base of tongue

Cervicle vertebrae

7 bones of top part of vertebral collumn, located in neck region.

Thorax

Elastic, bony cage that serves as a protective framework for the heart, lungs, and other organs

Ribs

12 pairs of bones forming wall of thorax

Scapula

Large, flat, triangular bone of shoulder.

Sternum

Breastbone

Clavicle

Collarbone

Humerus

Uppermost and largest bone in the arm, extending from elbow to shoulder

Ulna

Inner and larger bone in the forearm attached to the wrist and located on the side of the little finger

Radius

Smaller bone in the forearm on the same side as the thumb

Carpus

Wrist

Metacarpus

Bones of palm of hand/parts of the hand containing five bones between carpus and phalanges

Phalanges

Bones of fingers and toes (digits)

Femur

Heavy, long bone that forms the leg above the knee

Tibia

Larger of two bones that form the leg below the knee.

Fibula

Smaller of two bones that form the leg below the knee

Patella

Kneecap

Talus

Ankle bone

Metatarsal

Long and slender bones, similar to the metacarpal bones of hand

Striated muscles

Skeletal muscles. Voluntary or self controlled muscles.

Nonstriated muscles

Smooth muscles. Involuntary and function automatically.

Cardiac muscle

Involuntary muscle that is the heart

Origin

Part of muscle that doesn't move and is attached closest to skeleton

Belly

Middle part of muscle

Insertion

Part of muscle that moves and is farthest from skeleton

Epicranius

Muscle that covers top of skull and consists of the occipitalis and frontalis

Occipitalis

Back portion of epicranius, muscle that draws the scalp backwards

Frontalis

Front portion of epicranius; the muscle of the scalp that raises eyebrows, draws the scalp foreward, and causes wrinkles across the forehead

Central nervous system

Division of nervous system that consists of the brain, spinal cord, and cranial nerves. Controls consciousness and mental activities, voluntary functions of the five senses, and voluntary muscle actions, including all body movements and facial expressions.

Peripheral nervous system

System of nerves that connects the outer parts of the body to the CNS. Has both sensory and motor nerves. It's function is to carry impulses to and from the nervous system.

Autonamic nervous system

Part of the nervous system that controls involuntary muscles.

Red blood cells

Carry oxygen from the lungs to the body cells and transport CO2 from the cells back to the lungs.

White blood cells

Cells that destroy disease-causing toxins and bacteria

Plasma

Fluid part of blood in which red and white blood cells and platelets flow. 90% water and contains proteins and sugars.

Blood vessel

Tube like structures that include arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins

Arteries

Thick walled, muscular, flexible tubes that carry oxygenated blood away from heart to arterioles

Arterioles

Small arteries that deliver blood to capillaries

Venules

Small vessels that connect capillaries to veins

Capillaries

Tiny, thin walled blood vessels that connect the smaller arteries to venules

Veins

Thin walled blood vessels that are less elastic that arteries

Circulatory system

System that controls the steady circulation of blood through the body by means of the heart and blood vessels

Digestive system

Breaks down food into nutrients and wastes

Endocrine system

System that affects growth, development, sexual functions, and health of entire body

Excretory system

Purifies the body by eliminating waste matter

Integumentaty system

System that serves as a protective covering and helps regulate the body's temperature

Lymphatic/immune system

System that protects the body from diease

Muscular system

System that covers, shapes, and holds the skeletal system in place

Nervous system

System that controls and coordinates all other systems in the body

Reproductive system

System that produces offspring

Respiratory system

System that enables breathing, supplying oxygen

Skeletal system

System that forms the physical foundation of the body (206 bones)