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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Which of the following viruses is unaffected by acyclovir (Zovirax)?

a. Herpes

b. Human immunodeciency virus (HIV)

c. Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

d. Epstein-Barr


What is the mechanism of action of acyclovir (Zovirax)?

a. Inhibition of viral cell wall

b. Disruption of protein synthesis

c. Termination of DNA synthesis

d. Increased permeability of viral cell wall


Patients receiving IV acyclovir (Zovirax) should be monitored for

a. hepatotoxicity.

b. anemia.

c. neurotoxicity.

d. nephrotoxicity.


Which of the following antiviral agents are effective for the treatment of cytomegalovirus (CMV)?

a. Cidofovir (Vistide) and penciclovir (Denavir)

b. Famciclovir (Famvir) and ganciclovir (Cytovene)

c. Ganciclovir (Cytovene) and valganciclovir (Valcyte)

d. Cidofovir (Vistide) and valacyclovir (Valtrex)


Amantadine (Symmetrel) may be useful in the treatment of inuenza A and

a. acetaminophen toxicity.

b. diverticulitis.

c. HIV disease.

d. Parkinson disease.


Oseltamivir phosphate (Tamiu) and zanamivir (Relenza) are used in the management of

a. cytomegalovirus.

b. herpes simplex.

c. herpes zoster.

d. inuenza.


Which of the interferons is FDA approved for the treatment of both hepatitis B and C?

a. Interferon alfa-2b (Intron-A)

b. Interferon alfa-2a (Roferon-A)

c. Interferon alfa-2b (PRG-Intron)

d. Interferon alfa-2a and ribavirin (Rebetron)


Ribavirin (Virazole), palivizumab (Synagis), and RSV-IG (RespGam) are used to treat or prevent

a. herpes simplex and zoster.

b. cytomegalovirus.

c. hepatitis B.

d. respiratory syncytial virus


Your patient is receiving IV acyclovir (Zovi-rax). This patient has additional medical problems, including migraine headaches, HIV, diabetes mellitus, and drug addiction. Which of the patient’s medical problems requires cau-tious use of acyclovir?

a. Diabetes mellitus

b. HIV

c. Migraine headaches

d. Drug addiction


Your patient is receiving IV acyclovir (Zovirax). To safely administer this drug, you should administer it

a. over 20 minutes and keep the patient NPO.

b. over 20 minutes and keep the patient well hydrated.

c. over 60 minutes and keep the patient NPO.

d. over 60 minutes and keep the patient well hydrated.


Your 60-year-old patient calls the clinic and states, “I don’t need to get my u shot today. I am going to use that new Tamiu.” Which of the following is your best response?

a. “ You might be able to do that, but the doctor needs to check your medical history rst.”

b. “ I’ll cancel your appointment. Thank you for calling.”

c. “ The drug is not approved for use in people your age.”

d. “You should have both.”


Your neighbor comes over and states that she can feel a “herpes cold sore” coming. She asks, “Do you have anything I can take for it?” Your best response is

a. “I’ll see if I have any antibiotics.”

b. “ I have some leftover penciclovir (Denavir). I’ll get it for you.”

c. “ There is a great OTC med called docosanol (Abreva) that you can get at the drugstore.”

d. “ I have some ganciclovir (Cytovene). Maybe that will help.”


Your patient has the u and is prescribed zanamivir (Relenza). Patient teaching should include how to

a. use a metered-dose inhaler.

b. use a Diskhaler.

c. give a SC injection.

d. give an IM injection.


A patient being treated for genital herpes with acyclovir calls the patient information hotline at the HMO and speaks to the nurse. The patient states, “These herpes lesions are now red and warm. Is this okay? Should I do something about it?” What advice should the nurse give?

a. Take aspirin and continue with the acyclovir.

b. Stop taking the acyclovir.

c. Come in to the health center to be examined.

d. Take a warm bath.


Your patient on acyclovir complains of GI distress from the medication. To minimize this you should teach the patient to

a. take the drug on an empty stomach.

b. take the drug with food.

c. stop taking the drug.

d. dissolve the drug in water and then drink it.


It is winter time and a patient comes to the clinic where you work to report the onset of the u and wants medication to decrease the severity of illness and how long they will be sick. Which of the following should be part of your assessment of this patient prior to their receiving oseltamivir? (Mark all that apply)

a. Determine that the patient has u symp-toms (sudden onset, high fever, chills, AND muscular aches)

b. Determine that the patient has sneezing and nasal congestion

c. Determine the onset of symptoms

d. Determine if the patient is willing to be hospitalized to receive therapy


Oseltamivir (reconstituted as a liquid) is to be prescribed for a child with H1N1 inuenza. Which of the following should be included in your education to the parents? (Mark all that apply)

a. Shake the suspension prior to measuring each dose

b. Administer the solution mixed with apple juice

c. Report any behavioral changes to the prescriber

d. Take the full course of thera

a, c, d