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119 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Musculoskeletal System is made up of :
Bones, joints, and muscles
Functions of bones are :
support, protection, movement, storage of minerals, and production of blood
periosteum
outermost covering of bone
epiphysis
end of a long bone
diaphysis
shaft/main part of bone
bone marrow
production of red blood cells
foramen
opening in a bone through which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass
The human skeleton has how many bones?
206
Zygomatic bone
cheekbone
maxillary
upper jaw bone
mandible
lower jaw bone
ribs/costals (12 pairs)
Attached to the vertebrae
Ribs 1-7 are called?
True ribs attached in the front to the sternum
Ribs 8-10 are called?
False ribs attached to the cartilage that joins with the sternum
Ribs 11-12 are called?
Floating ribs and they are not attached in front
sternum
breastbone
manubrium
upper portion of the sternum
xiphoid
lower portion of the sternum
Clavicle
collarbone
scapula
shoulder blade
Acromion
extension of the scapula that forms the high point of the shoulder (tip of the shoulder)
humerus
upper arm
radius
thumb side of the forearm (lower arm bone)
ulna
little finger side of the forearm (lower arm bone)
olecranon process
elbow
carpals
wrist
metacarpals
hands
phalanges
fingers
acetabulum
hip socket
femur
upper leg bone
trochanter
one of the two large bony projections on the upper end of the femur
patella
kneecap
popliteal
back of knee
tibia
shin bone, large bone of the lower leg
fibula
smaller bone of the lower leg
tarsals
ankle
malleolus
rounded bony protrusion on each side of the ankle (medial and lateral)
calcaneal
heel bone
metatarsals
foot
phalanges
toes
Lamina
Part of the posterior portion of the vertebrae.
The 3 parts of the pelvic girdle are:
ilium, ischium, and pubis.
Joints/Articulations
Connections between bones
Suture joints
Non-movable, like in the skull
Synovial joints
Movable joints such as the ball and socket joints found in the hips and shoulders.
Bursa
Sac that acts as a cushion to ease movement in areas that are subject to friction such as the elbow and shoulder.
Meniscus
A curved fibrous cartilage found in some joints such as the the knee.
3 Types of Muscles
Smooth, Skeletal, and Cardiac
Smooth Muscle
visceral- involuntary
Cardiac Muscle
Looks like striated, acts like smooth
Skeletal Muscle
Striated- voluntary
Fascia
covering of muscle
tendon
attaches muscles to bones
ligaments
attaches bones to bones
Aponeurosis
large tendon
flexor
bends
extensor
straightens
pectoral
chest
rectus
straight
oblique
at an angle
transverse
across
sphincter
ringlike muscle
biceps
two divisions
triceps
three divisions
quadriceps
four divisions
maximus
large
minimus
small
deltoid
shaped like a triangle
major
important
levator
lift
depressor
lower
fracture
broken bone
closed/simple fracture
bone broke, not through skin
open/compound fracture
bone broke and through the skin
comminuted fracture
bone shattered into pieces
impacted fracture
one bone shoved into another
greenstick fracture
bone breaks on one side and bends on the other
hairline fracture
incomplete break
pathological fracture
fracture caused by disease
Colles' fracture
fracture of the wrist (lower end of the radius)
Reduction
Treatment for a fracture
Closed reduction
manipulating the fracture externally
Open reduction
requires surgery and internal fixation (pins, screws, etc.) or external fixation (rod internally and protrudes externally)
osteoporosis
porous bones
scoliosis
curvature of spne
kyphosis
humpback
lordosis
swayback
spinal bifida
hole in spine; spinal column did not close completely
rheumatoid arthritis
inflammation of joints
osteoarthritis
inflammation of bones and joints
gout
too much uric acid ; collects in a joint
Ewing's sarcoma
bone cancer
ergonomics
making the work place better- to avoid carpal tunnel syndrome, etc.
crepitation
grinding noise when cartilage and bone rub together
electromyography (EMG)
process of recording electricity of muscle
sprain
injury
strain
no injury- just over use of muscles
talipes
deformity of foot - i. e. clubfoot
AE
above elbow
AK
above knee
BE
below elbow
BK
below knee
C
cervical
Fx
Fracture
HNP
herniated disc
IM
intramuscular
L
Lumbar
RA
Rheumatoid Arthritis
T
Thoracic
EMG
Electromyography
Head
Large smooth ball-shaped end of a long bone.
Condyle
Smooth rounded portion at the end of a bone.
Epicondyle
Projection located above or on a condyle.
Tubercle
Small, rough process that provides the attachment for tendons and muscles.
Trochanter
Large rough process for the attachment of a muscle.
sinus
hollow cavity within a bone
foramen
smooth, round opening for nerves and blood vessels
fossa
Shallow cavity or depression on the surface of a bone.
fissue
slit-type opening