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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the process through which people learn the expectations of society
expected behavior associated with a given status in society
occurs when behaviors and assumptions are learned so thoroughly that people no longer question them
social control
the process by which groups and individuals within these groups are brought into conformity with dominant social expectations
socialization agents
people, sources, or structures that pass on social expectations
those with whom you interact on equal terms
set of beliefs that largely reject the theory of human biological evolution
psychoanalytic theory
depicts the human psyche in three parts: id, ego, superego
deep drives and impulses
dimension of the self that represents the standards of society
the seat of reason and common sense
social learning theory
the formation of identity is a learned response to external social stimuli
what we imagine we are
looking glass self
a person's conception of self arises through considering our relationships to others
taking the role of the other
the process of putting oneself into the point of view of another
imitation stage
children merely copy the behavior of those around them
play stage
children begin to take on the roles of significant people in their lives
significant others
those with whom one has close affiliation
game stage
children become capable of taking on multiple roles at the same time
generalized other
the abstract composite of social roles and social expectations
life course
perspective to describe and analyze the connection between people's personal attributes, the roles they occupy, the life events they experience, and the social and historical aspects of these events
adult socialization
involves learning behaviors and attitudes appropriate to specific situations and roles
anticipatory socialization
the learning of expectations associated with a role a person expects to enter in the future
age stereotypes
preconceived judgements about what different age groups are like
age prejudice
negative attitude about an age group that is generalized to all people in that group
age discrimination
different and unequal treatment of people based solely on their age
age stratification
the hierarchical ranking of different age groups in society
age cohort
an aggregate group of people born during the same period
disengagement theory
as people age they gradually withdraw from participation in society and are simultaneously relieved of responsibilities
rite of passage
ceremony or ritual that marks the transition of an individual from one role to another
process by which existing social roles are radically altered or replaced
Stockholm Syndrome
when a captured person identifies with their captor under severe captivity and deprivation