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33 Cards in this Set

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internal matrix

cytoplasm

prokaryotic

small and simple compared to eukaryotic

cell

needed for life (heredity, reproduction, growth, development, metabolism, responsiveness, transport)

heredity

transfer of genes such as the DNA you receive

reproduction

new offspring, either asexually or sexually

growth

enlargement in either size, or a single cell

development

all changes in an organisms lifespan

metabolism

cemical reaction that breaks down cells or gives energy for activity

responsiveness

cells interaction and answer to surroundings

transport

system for flow of materials

appendage

flagellum

polar arrangement

flagella connected at one or both ends of cell

peritrichous

flagella randomly around cell

chemotaxis

chemical nature signal

spirochetes

2 or more long coiled threads, worm like motion

conjugation

uses pilus as a connector to transfer DNA from donor to recipient

glycocalyx

protective coating of macromolecules for cell

slime layer

loose shield for bacteria

biofilms

complex masses of microbes

Hans Christian Gram

created Gram stain

lysis

process of cell destruction

lipopolysaccharides

lipid molecules bound to polysaccharides

Mycoplasmas

bacteria lack call wall

ribosomes

consist of RNA and protein

sporangium

committed sporulating cell

coccus

spherical shape

bacillus

long wide, rod shaped

cocobacillus

short and plump

vibrio

curved

spirillum

spiral shaped cylinder

rickettsias

tiny gram negative bacteria

archaeons

cell type in super kingdom

extermophiles/hyperextremophiles

love extreme habitats