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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Air cylinder
The component of the SCBA that stores the compressed air supply.
Air line
The hose through which air flows, either within an SCBA or from an outside source to a supplied air respirator.
The harness of the SCBA, which supports the components worn by a fire fighter.
Buddy system
A system in which two fire fighters always work as a team for safety purposes.
Bunker coat
The protective coat worn by a fire fighter for interior structural fire fighting; also called a turrnout coat.
Bunker pants
The protective trousers worn by a fire fighter for interior structural fire fighting; also called turnout pants.
Carbon monoxide (CO)
A toxic gas produced through incomplete combustion.
A cancer-causing substance that is identified in one of several published lists, including, but not limited to, NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, Hazardous Chemicals Desk Reference, and the ACGIH 2007 TLVs and BEIs . (NFPA 1851)
Cascade system
A method of piping air tanks together to allow air to be supplied to the SCBA fill station using a progressive selection of tanks, each with a higher pressure level. (NFPA 1901)
Closed-circuit breathing apparatus
SCBA designed to recycle the user’s exhaled air. This system removes carbon dioxide and generates fresh oxygen.
A device used for increasing the pressure and density of a gas. (NFPA 853)
To take off an item of clothing or equipment.
To put on an item of clothing or equipment.
Dual-path pressure reducer
A feature that automatically provides a backup method for air to be supplied to the regulator of an SCBA if the primary passage malfunctions.
End-of-service-time-indicator (EOSTI)
A warning device on a SCBA that alerts the user that the end of the breathing air is approaching.
Face piece
A component of SCBA that fits over the face.
Fire helmet
Protective head covering worn by fire fighters to protect the head from falling objects, blunt trauma, and heat.
Hand light
A small, portable light carried by fire fighters to improve visibility at emergency scenes; it is often powered by rechargeable batteries.
Heads-up display
A visual display of information and system conditions status that is visible to the wearer of the SCBA.
Hydrogen cyanide
A toxic gas produced by the combustion of materials containing cyanide.
Hydrostatic testing
Pressure testing of the extinguisher to verify its strength against unwanted rupture. (NFPA 10)
Immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH)
Any condition that would pose an immediate or delayed threat to life, cause irreversible adverse health effects, or interfere with an individual’s ability to escape unaided from a hazardous environment. (NFPA 1670, 2004)
Incomplete combustion
A burning process in which the fuel is not completely consumed, usually due to a limited supply of oxygen.
A strong synthetic material used in the construction of protective clothing and equipment.
Light-emitting diode (LED)
An electronic semiconductor that emits a single-color light when activated.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
The U.S. federal agency responsible for research and development on occupational safety and health issues.
A fire-resistant synthetic material used in the construction of personal protective equipment for fire fighting.
Nose cups
An insert inside the face piece of an SCBA that fits over the user’s mouth and nose.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
The U.S. federal agency that regulates worker safety and, in some cases, responder safety. It is part of the U.S. Department of Labor.
Open-circuit breathing apparatus
SCBA in which the exhaled air is released into the atmosphere and is not reused.
Oxygen deficiency
Any atmosphere where the oxygen level is less than 19.5 percent. Low oxygen levels can have serious effects on people, including adverse reactions such as poor judgment and lack of muscle control.
A fire-retardant synthetic material used in the construction of personal protective equipment.
Personal alert safety system (PASS)
A device that continually monitors for lack of movement of the wearer and, if no movement is detected, automatically activates an alarm signal indicating the wearer is in need of assistance. The device can also be manually activated to trigger the alarm signal. (NFPA 1982)
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
The basic protective equipment for wildland fire suppression includes a helmet, protective footwear, gloves, and flame resistant clothing as defined in NFPA 1977, Standard on Protective Clothing and Equipment for Wildland Fire Fighting . (NFPA 1051)
Personnel accountability system
A system that readily identifies both the locations and the functions of all members operating at an incident scene. (NFPA 1500)
A chemical agent that causes severe pulmonary damage; it is a by-product of incomplete combustion.
Pounds per square inch (psi)
The standard unit for measuring pressure.
Pressure gauge
A device that measures and displays pressure readings. In an SCBA, the pressure gauges indicate the quantity of breathing air that is available at any time.
Protective hood
A part of a fire fighter’s personal protective equipment that is designed to be worn over the head and under the helmet; it provides thermal protection for the neck and ears.
Rapid intervention crew/company universal air connection (RIC UAC)
A system that allows emergency replenishment of breathing air to the SCBA of disabled or entrapped fi re or emergency services personnel. (NFPA 1981)
An intervention designed to mitigate against the physical, physiological, and emotional stress of fire fighting so as to sustain a fire fighter’s energy, improve performance, and decrease the likelihood of on-scene injury or death. (NFPA 1521)
A device that provides respiratory protection for the wearer. (NFPA 1994)
SCBA harness
The part of SCBA that allows fire fighters to wear it as a “backpack.”
SCBA regulator
The part of the SCBA that reduces the high pressure in the cylinder to a usable lower pressure and controls the flow of air to the user.
Self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)
A respirator with an independent air supply that is used by fire fighters to enter toxic or otherwise dangerous atmospheres.
Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA)
A respirator with an independent air supply that is used by underwater divers.
Smoke particles
Airborne solid materials consisting of ash and unburned or partially burned fuel released by a fire.
Supplied-air respirator (SAR)
An atmosphere-supplying respirator for which the source of breathing air is not designed to be carried by the user. (NFPA 1404)
Turnout coat
Protective coat that is part of a protective clothing ensemble for structural fire fighting; also called a bunker coat.
Turnout pants
Protective trousers that are part of a protective clothing ensemble for structural fire fighting; also called bunker pants.
Two-way radio
A portable communication device used by fire fighters. Every fire fighting team should carry at least one radio to communicate distress, progress, changes in fire conditions, and other pertinent information.
Universal air connection
The male fitting, affixed to the SCBA, and the female fitting, affixed to the filling hose, to provide emergency replenishment of breathing air to an SCBA breathing air cylinder. Also known as rapid intervention crew/company universal air connection. (NFPA 1981)