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16 Cards in this Set

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Renewable resources

resources that can be replenished over relatively short time spans such as months years or decades

Nonrenewable resources

Resources that take millions of years to accumulate (often metals)

fossil fuel

General term for any hydrocarbon that may be used as a fuel, including coal, oil, natural gas, bitumen from tar sands, and shale oil.

Which of the following do all oil traps have in common?
a reservoir rock with a cap rock above it
Which of the following must be true for hydrocarbons to be trapped by salt diapirs?
The salt must be impermeable.
List the fluids commonly found in traps, from the least to most dense.

gas oil and water



About half of renewable energy is used in __________.
electric power generation
Most of the energy used by the industrial and residential/commercial sectors is __________.

natural gas

Nuclear energy is used in what energy sector(s)?

Electric Power

Almost _____ of all electric power produced relies on coal as a source of energy.

46%

describe oil shale
An organic-rich, fine-grained, impermeable sedimentary rock containing kerogen.
What is required for oil shales to form?
a sedimentary basin
Why must oil shale be heated to extract hydrocarbons?
Oil shale has low permeability.
Methane clathrates are stable in __________ conditions.
low temperature, high pressure
Which of the following is a drawback to mining oil shale and oil sands?
It is costly and energy-intensive to extract these resources.
Renewable energy makes up approximately how much of the total U.S. energy budget?
9.2 quadrillion BTU