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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
3 Indications That Emotional Problems Exist
– are not age-appropriate
– deviate from cultural warns
– great deficits or impairments in adaptive functioning
define mental retardation
deficit in general intellectual functioning and adaptive functioning
how is intellectual functioning measured
Measured by Performance on a IQ Test
mental retardation: What does adaptive functioning refers to a person's ability to adapt to what 2 things.
-activities of daily living

-Expectation of his age and cultural groups
5 causes of mental retardation
-hereditary factors
-alternations in embryonic development
- pregnancy and prenatal factors
-medical conditions acquired in infancy or childhood
-environmental influences or other mental disorders
3 considerations the assessment process for mental retardation
- severity of mental retardation( mild, moderate, severe, profound)(measured by IQ tests)
-the client strengths and individual abilities
-independence and performance of self-care activities
what factors should be considered for diagnosis/outcome identification
-risk of injury related to altered physical mobility or aggressive behavior
-impaired verbal communication
- impaired social interaction (speech difficulties or nonconventional social behavior)
-delayed growth and development (isolation, inadequate stimulation, heredity)
-defensive coping
-ineffective coping
6 goals
-no physical harm
-self-care needs fulfilled\
-socially appropriate interactions
-manageable anxiety levels
accept direction without being defensive
-uses adaptive coping skills for stressful situations
2 factors that should be considered for planning/implementation
-individual plan of care that involves family for ongoing care
-family informed about: scope of condition, realistic expectations, community resources
EVALUATION FOR mental retardation
What should be considered in the evaluation
positive behavioral changes
define autism
withdrawal of a child into his self and a fantasy world he has created
what are the characteristics of a child with autism
-abnormal or impaired development in social interaction
-restricted number of activities and interests
causes of autism (Etio. implications)
what are for possible causes of autism?
-biological factors
-neurological implications
- prenatal influences
3 things considered in assessment?
impairment in social interaction
-impairment in communication and imaginative activity
-restricted activity and interest
what considerations are there for the diagnosis/outcome of autism
-risk of self-mutilation (neurological alterations)
-impaired social interaction and difficulty in trusting
-impaired verbal communication
-disturbed personal identity ( may be rooted in the inadequate sensory stimulation for neurological alterations)
OUTCOMES (autism)
What are the outcomes related to autism?
-no evidence of self harm
-appropriate interaction with at least one staff
-demonstrates trust to at least one staff
-able to communicate with at least one staff
-has begun the separation/individuation process