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25 Cards in this Set

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Acid-Balanced Waves


Permanent waves that have a 7.0 or neutral pH.

Alkaline Waves

Aka cold waves; have a pH between 9.0 and 9.6, use ammonium thioglycolate (ATG) as the reducing agent, process at room temperature without the additional of heat

Amino Acids

Compounds made up of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and sulfur

Ammonia-Free Waves

Perms that use an ingredient that does not evaporate as readily as ammonia, so there is very little odor associated with their use

Ammonium Thioglycolate (ATG)

Active ingredient or reducing agent in alkaline permanents

Base Control

Position of the tool in relation to its base section, determined by the angle at which the hair is wrapped

Base Cream

Aka protective base cream; oily cream used to protect the skin & scalp during hair relaxing

Base Direction

Angle at which the rod is positioned on the head (horizontally, vertically, or diagonally) ; also, the direction pattern in which the hair is wrapped

Base Placement

Refers to the position of the rod in relation to its base section; is determined by the angle at which the hair is wrapped

Base Relaxers

Relaxers that require the application of protective base cream to the entire scalp prior to the application of the relaxers

Base Sections

Subsections of panels into which the hair is divided for perm wrapping; one rod is normally placed on each base section

Basic permanent wrap

Aka straight set wrap; perm wrapping pattern in which all the rods within a panel move in the same direction & are positioned on equal-sized bases; all the base sections are horizontal & are the same length & width as the perm rod

Bookend Wrap

Perm wrap in which one end paper is folded half over the hair ends like an envelope

Bricklayer Permanent Wrap

Perm wrap similar to actual bricklaying; base sections are offset from each other row by row, to prevent noticeable splits & to blend the flow of the hair

Chemical Hair Relaxing

A process or service that rearranges the structure of curly hair into a straighter or smoother form

Chemical Texture Service

Hair services that cause a chemical change that alters the natural wave pattern of the hair

Concave Rods

Perm rods that have a small diameter in the center that increases to a larger diameter on the ends

Croquignole Perm Wrap

Perm in which the hair strands are wrapped from the ends to the scalp in overlapping concentric layers

curvature Permanent Wrap

Perm wrap in which the partings & bases radiate throughout the panels to follow the curvature of the head.

Double Flat Wrap

Perm wrap in which one end paper is placed under & another is placed over the strand of hair being wrapped

Double Rod Wrap

Aka piggyback wrap; a wrap technique whereby extra-long hair is wrapped on one rod from the scalp to midway down the hair shaft & another rod is used to wrap the remaining hair strand in the same direction

End Papers

Aka end wraps; absorbent papers used to control the ends of the hair when wrapping & winding hair on perm rods

Endothermic Waves

Perm activated by an outside heat source, usually a conventional hood- type hair dryer.

Exothermic Waves

Create an exothermic chemical reaction that heats up the waxing solution & speeds up processing

Glyceryl Monothioglycolate (GMTG)

Main active ingredient in true acid & acid-balanced waving lotions