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Dietary reference intake DRI

A set of nutritient-based values that serve for both assessing and planning diets

Nutrient

Chemical compound or element found in food that is necessary for good health

Essential nutrients

Nutrients that the body cannot make in the amounts essential for good health, therefore necessary to obtain through diet

Glycogen

Animal starch, stored for of carbs. Stored in liver and muscles. Used when glucose is low

Dietary fiber

Foods that humans cannot breakdown (digest )

Carbs CHO

Organic compounds containing carbon hydrogen &oxygen

Saccharides

Sugar units

Monosaccharides

Only 1 sugar unit

Disaccharides

2 sugar units bonded together

Polysaccharides

Made of long chains of sugar (glucose) units

Lipids

Organic substances of a fatty nature that are insoluble in water and necessary for good health

Satiety

Feeling of fullness and satisfaction from food

Hydrogenation

Synthetic trans fatty acids are produced

Cholesterol

Lipids belonging to a class of chemical substances called sterols

Lipoprotein

Are molecules made of lipids surrounded by protein

Amino acids

Building blocks of protein 20 total, but only 9 are essential

Vegan

Excludes all animal products

Nitrogen balance

Nitrogen equilibrium, achieve ed when amount of nitrogen (protein )taken in is equal to amount of nitrogen excreted in the urine

Anabolism

The body is building more tissue than it is breaking down

Catabolism

Insufficient protein is being taken in and the body is breaking down more tissue than it is building