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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Adenectomy
excision of a gland
K
Potassium
ACTH
adrenocorticotropic hormone - stimulates adrenal cortex - secreted from anterior portion of pituitary gland
Homeostasis
tendency in an organism to return to a state of constancy and stability
Calcitonin
decreases levels of calcium in the blood stream, secreted by the thyroid gland
Adrenal Cortex
outer portion of the adrenal gland, secretes glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and sex hormones
Adrenal Medulla
inner portion of adrenal gland, secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
ADH
antidiuretic hormone
Hypercalcemia
high amounts of calcium in blood, related to osteoporosis, and overproduction of parathyroid hormone
Endocrinology
study of the endocrine glands
Electrolyte
chemical element that carries a charge when dissolved in water - sodium, chloride and potassium are examples
Androgen
male sex hormone - testosterone is example
Hypoinsulinism
deficient insulin - cause of diabetes - cells cant metabolize sugar
Epinephrine
adrenaline - increases heart rate, breathing rate, blood pressure, etc.
Adrenaline
epinephrine
Na
Sodium, an electrolyte
FBS
fasting blood sugar - test for diabetes - should be below 100mg
Hyperglycemia
excessive sugar in blood - indicative of diabetes
NIDDM
non-isulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (type 2 diabetes -mature onset)
FSH
follicle-stimulating hormone - stimulates growth of eggs in ovaries
Graves Disease
thyrotoxicosis - overfunctioning of the thyroid gland - most common type of hyperthyroidism - hyperactivity, higher body temps, exophthalmos, weight loss
Myxedema
advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood - dkin becomes dry and puffy because of the collection of mucus-like material unmder the skin
IDDM
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus - type 1 diabetes (juvenile diabetes)
TSH
thyroid-stimulating hormone - secreted by the anterior pituitary gland
Differentiate endocrine versus exocrine glands. List examples of each
Endocrine glands secrete with the body and exocrine glands secrete to the outside of the body
Endocrine: thyroid, pituitary, adrenal
Exocrine: sweat, sebaceous
The adrenal medulla secretes two types of hormones:
adrenaline and noradrenaline
List the hormones release by the posterior pituitary gland
Oxytocin and ADH
Differentiate between genders, FSH and LH
in females FSH & LH stimulate the growth of eggs and production of hormones and ovulation; in males FSH stimulates the production of sperm and LH stimulates production of testosterone
What is the purpose of a fasting blood sugar.
To determine blood glucose levels after not eating all night
What is the difference between diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus?
DM is about insulin malfunction; DI is about insufficient secretion of ADH
Compare and contrast Type 1 versus Type 2 diabetes mellitus
1: before age 30, rapid onset, no insulin, thin body weight, ketoacidosis;
2: after age 30, slow onset, insulin usually present, most are obese, seldom ketoacidosis
Mxyedema is associated with which endocrine disorder?
hypothyroidism
List the gland that secretes melatonin and is linked to seasonal affective disorder
pineal gland
Specialist that treats diseases and disorders of the internal secretion glands
endocrinologist
A group of signs and symptoms caused by excessive cortisol from the adrenal cortex
(two words)
cushing syndrome
Congenital hyposecretion of growth hormone
dwarfism
Excision or resection of a gland
adenectomy
Low sodium in the blood stream
hyponatremia
Maintaining a constant internal environment
homeostasis
Enlargement of the extremities
acromegaly