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18 Cards in this Set

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Taxonomy
Classifying and naming organisms
Organizing
Taxon
Level within the Linnaean system of classification
phylogeny
Evolutionary history of related species
cladistics
Organizing species by evolutionary relationships from when they diverge from their ancestral line
Derived character
Trait that differs in structure or function
pathogene
Agent that causes disease
Capsid
Protein shell that surrounds
Epidemic
Rapid outbreak of disease
Prophage
DNA of a bacteriophage inserted into a host cells DNA
Vaccine
Substance that stimulates an immune response
Retrovirus
contains RNA uses reverse transcriptase to make DNA
Plasmid
Circular piece of genetic material that can replicate separately from DNA
flagellum
Whiplike structure found outside of a cell that is used for movement
Conjugation
Prokaryote transfers part of its chromosomes to another prokaryote
Endospore
Prokaryotic cell with a thick protective cell wall surrounding the DNA
Bioremediation
Process by which humans use living things to break down pollutants
Toxin
Poison released by an organism
Antibiotic
Kills or slows the development of bacteria