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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Agreement between Stalin and Hitler in which the two plotted to divide Poland between them
Nonagression Pact
Germany's military strategy of "lightning war"
System of fortifications along France's border with Germany
Maginot Line
French port city near the Belgian border from which a fleet of British ships and civilian craft evacuated trapped soldiers in 1940
French general who organized the Free French military forces to fight the Nazis
Charles de Gaulle
British prime minister during World War II
Winston Churchill
Name for Germany's air force
1941 battle that demonstrated that Hitler's attacks could be blocked
Battle of Britain
Commander of Hitler's crack German tank force, the Afrika Korps
Erwin Rommel
Joint declaration issued by Roosevelt and Churchill that upheld free trade among nations and the people's right to choose their own government
Atlantic Charter
September 1, 1939. Started World War II
Invasion of Poland
American commander of Allied forces in the Pacific during World War II
Douglas MacArthur
Former Nazi leaders faced charges of waging a war of aggression and committing crimes against humanity here
Nuremburg Trials
American general who served as commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II
Dwight D. Eisenhower
The first day of the invasion of Normandy in World War II was known as this
The battle that brought the war in Europe to a quick end was
Battle of the Bulge
The process of disbanding a country's armed forces
The short battle that turned the tide of war in favor of the Allies in the Pacific
Battle of Midway
To cut off aid and supplies
Division of a country
S.S. death squad that arranged the killing of the Jews
Japanese suicide pilots
Mass killing of over 6 million Jews and others
Camps used to segregate certain groups of people
Hitler's program of systematically killing Jews
Final Solution
Germany, Italy, Japan
Axis Powers
Britain, Soviet Union, U.S.
Allied Powers
Japan's greatest naval strategist who called for an attack on the U.S. fleet in Hawaii.
Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
December 7, 1941
Attack of Pearl Harbor
Japanese abandoned the "Island of Death" after losing more than 24,000 of a force of 36,000 soldiers in this battle
Battle of Gaudalcanal
Segregated Jewish areas
Systematic killing of an entire people
Battle that cost the Soviets over one million soldiers but put the Germans on the defensive
Battle of Stalingrad
Process of creating a government elected by the people
What did each leader gain from the nonagression pact?
They each got half of Poland and it relieved the threat of a Soviet attack on Germany
What was Hitler's plan for conquering France?
He went through the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg then used tanks and troops to get through the Ardennes
What was the outcome of the Battle of Britain?
The British didn't surrender and Germany backed off and called off the bombing.
What was the outcome of the fighting at Tobruk?
The Germans defeated the British and took over Tobruk
How did Hitler's invasion compare with Napoleon's invasion of Russia?
They lost soldiers because of the harsh winter and the scorched-earth strategy was used
Made it illegal to sell arms or lend money to nations at war
Neutrality Acts
Allies pay cash then carry goods on their own ships
Cash & Carry
President can lend or lease arms and other supplies to any country vital to the U.S.
Lend Lease Act
August 6, 1945 U.S dropped the atomic bomb here
September 4, 1941 when a German U-boat fired on a U.S. destroyer in the Atlantic
Battle of the Atlantic
Leader of China who became an ally during World War II
Chiang Kai-shek
Prime Minister of Japan during World War II who planned the attack of Pearl Harbor and wanted to remove America from the Pacific
Hideki Tojo
President of the U.S. during the majority of World War II
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the U.S. after Roosevelt's death
Harry S. Truman
The Japanese navy lost disastrously and was eliminated as a fighting force in the war because of this battle
Battle of Leyte Gulf
June 22, 1940
Surrender of France