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8 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Three basic issues when you discuss a question of policy
1) Need-Is there a serious problem or need that requires a change from current policy?
2) Plan- Does the speaker have a plan to solve the problem?
3) Practicality- Will it solve the problem or will it create more problems?
Organizing speeches on the question of value
Organized Topically
(Specific Point)Point 1: Standard for your value judgement
(Central Idea) Point 2: Applying Standards to subject of speech

Example: Capital Punishment
Specific Point: To persuade my audience that Capital Punishment is morally wrong
Central Idea: Capital Punishment violates that both the Bible and U.S constitution
1) CP violates the biblical commandment "Thou Shall Not Kill"
2) CP violates the constitutional law "cruel and punishment"
Organizing speeches on the question of policy (4 methods/orders)
1) Problem-Solution Order
2) Problem-Cause-Solution Order
3) Comparative Advantage Order- each main point explains why a speaker's solution to a problem is preferable to other proposed solutions
4) Monroe's Motivated Sequence -seek immediate action
Questions of fact
a question about the truth or falsity of an assertion
Monroe's Motivated Sequence (5)
1) Attention-audience attention
2) Need- show need for change
3) Satisfaction- solution to problem
4) Visualization- visualize it's benefits
5) Action- "call for action"
Questions of value
a question about the worth, rightness, morality, and so forth of an idea or action
Questions of policy
a question about whether a specific course of actions should not be taken
Organizing speeches on the question of fact
Each main point will present a reason why someone should agree with you