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119 Cards in this Set

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Osteoblast

Bone cell that helps form body tissue.

Blast

WILL COME BACK

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Compression of the median never as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist

Electromyography

EMG , recording the strength of muscle contraction as a result of electrical stimulation

Calc/o, calci/o

Calcium

Kyph/o

Humpback , hunchback

Lamin/o

Lamina , part of vertebral arch

Lord/o

Curve, swayback , anterior curvature

Lumb/o

Lions, lower back

Myel/o

Bone marrow

Orth/o

Straight

Oste/o

Bone

Scoli/o

Crooked , bent , lateral curvature

Spondyl/o

Vertebra

Verterb/o

Vertebra

-clast

To break

-Blast

Embryonic or immature cell

-listhesis

Slipping

-malacia

Softening

-physis

To grow

-porosis

Pore , passage

-tome

Instrument to cut

Acetabul/o

Acetabulum , hip socket

Calcane/o

Calcaneus, heel

Carp/o

Carpals , wrist bones

Calvicul/o

Clavical , collar bone

Cost/o

Ribs

Crani/o

Cranium , skull

Femor/o

Femur , tigh bone

Fibul/o

Fibula , smaller leg bone

Humer/o

Humerus , upper arm bone

Ili/o

Ilium , upper part of pervic bone

Ischi/o

Ischium , posterior part of the pelvic bone

Malleol/o

Malleolus , process on each side of the ankle

Mandibul/o

Mandible

Maxill/o

Maxilla

Metacarp/o

Metacarpals

Metatars/o

Metatarsals

Olecran/o

Olecranon, elbow

Petell/o

Patella

Pelv/i

Pelvis

Perone/o

Fibula

Phalang/o

Phalanges

Pub/o

Pubis , anterior part of pelvis bone

Radi/o

Radius , forearm bone

Scapul/o

Scapula

Stern/o

Sternum , breast bone

Tars/o

Tarsals, bone of the hindfoot

Tibi/o

Tibia, shin bone

Uln/o

Ulnar , forearm bone little finger side

Ewing sarcoma

Rare malignant tumor arising in bone, most often occurred in children

Exostosis

Bony growth (benign) arising from the surface of bone

Fracture

Traumatic breaking of a bone

Osteogenic sarcoma , osteosarcoma

Common malignant tumor arising from osteoblast , found primarily in children and adolescents

Osteomalacia

Softening of bone with inadequate amounts of mineral (calcium) in the bone

Osteomyelitis

Inflammation of the bone and bone marrow secondary to infection

Osteoporosis

Decrease in bone density (mass) thinning and weakening of bone

Talipes

Congenital abnormality of the hindfoot (involving the talus)

Ankyl/o

Stiff

Arthr/o

Joint

Articul/o

Joint

Burs/o

Bursa

Chondr/o

Cartilage

Ligament/o

Ligament

Rheumat/o

Watery flow

Synov/o

Synovial membrane

Ten/o

Tendon

Tendin/o

Tendon

-desis

To bind , tie together

-stenosis

Narrowing

Arthritis

Inflammation of any joint

Ankylosing spondylitis

Chronic , progressive arthritis with stiffening of joints , primarily of the spine

Gouty arthritis (gout)

Inflammation and painful swelling of the joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body

Osteoarthritis

Prigressive, degenerative Joint disease with loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of the bone

Rheumatoid arthritis

Chronic joint condition with inflammation and pain caused by an autoimmune reaction against joint tissue , particularly the synovial membrane

Bunion

Enlargment of bone or tissue around the joint at the base of the big toe

Dislocation

Displacement of a bone from its joint

Ganglion cyst

Fluid filled sac raising from joint capsule or tendons , typically in the hand

Herniation of an intervertebral disk

Abnormal protrusions of an intervertebral disk into the spinal canal or spinal nerves.

Lyme disease (Lyme arthritis)

Disorder marked by arthritis , myalgia, and malaise: cause is a bacterium carried by a tick

Sprain

Trauma to ligaments without rupture

Systemic lupus erythematosus SLE

Chronic inflammatory autoimmune diseases involving joints, skin, kidneys, central nervous system , heart and lungs

Flexion

Bending a limb

Extension

Straightening out the limb

Dorsiflexion

Opposite motion of stepping on the gas pedal

Plantar flexion

Sole on the foot

Fasci/o

Fascia

Fibr/o

Fibrous connective tissue

Leiomy/o

Smooth (visceral) muscle that lines the walls of internal organs

Bone scan

Uptake of a radioactive susbtace is measured in bone

Computed tomography CT

X-Ray beam and computer provide cross sectional and other images

Diskography

X-Ray examination of cervical or lumbar interverteral disk after injection of contrast into nucleus pulposus (interior of the disk)

Electromyography EMG

Recording the strength of muscle contraction as a result of electrical stimulation

Magnetic resonance imaging MRI

Magnetic field creates images of soft tissue

Muscle biopsy

Removal of muscle tissue for microscopic examination

Arthroscopy

Visual examination of a joint with an arthroscope and television camera

Bone density test (bone densitometry)

Low energy x-Ray absorption in bone of the spinal column , pelvis, and wrist is used to measure bone mass

Uric acid test

Measurement of uric acid in serum

Arthrocentesis

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the joint space

Arthroplasty

Surgical repair or replacement of a joint

Muscular dystrophy

Group of inherited disease characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers without involvement of the nervous system

Polymyositis

Chronic inflammatory myopathy

Antinuclear antibody test ANA

Detects an antibody present in serum of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus SLE AND other autoimmune diseases

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate ESR

Measures time it takes for erythrocyes to settle to the bottom of the test

Rheumatoid factor test RF

Serum is tested for the presence of an antibody found in patients with rhematoid arthritis

Serum calcium Ca

Measurments of calcium level of serum

Serum creatine kinase CK

Measurement of the enzyme creatine kinase in serum

Poly-

Many , much

My/o

Muscle

Myocardi/o

Heart muscle

Myos/o

Muscle

Plant/o

Sole of the foot

Rhabdomy/o

Skeletal muscle connected to bone

Sarc/o

Muscle and flesh

-asthenia

Lack of strength

-trophy

Development , nourishment

Ab-

Away from

Ad-

Towards

Dorsi-

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