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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Second Great Awakening
a series of spiritual revivals, which encouraged many social programs like prison reform and the temperance movement. The religious groups that benefited the most were the Methodists and Baptists.
A philosophy that believed God existed in humans and in nature and that the intuition is the highest source of knowledge.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Philosopher and writer who became a central figure amongst the transcendentalists.
Henry David Thoreau
A transcendentalist and friend of Emerson who is best known for Walden. However, he also wrote "On Civil Disobedience" which advocated passive resistance.
James Fenimore Cooper
Author who wrote Last of the Mohicans about the French and Indian War and about the nobles savages living on the wild frontier
Herman Melville
One of the greatest American authors who wrote Moby Dick (1851)
Alexis de Tocqueville
came from France to America and observed democracy in government and society. His book, Democracy in America, discusses the advantages of democracy and consequences of the majority's unlimited power.
Joseph Smith
The founder of Mormonism in NY in 1830 who received golden plates from an angel. The plates became the Book of Mormon. In 1844, Smith was murdered by a mob in Illinois.
Brigham Young
After Joseph Smith had been killed, Brigham Young led the Mormons to the Great Salt Lake Valley in Utah in 1846.
Dorothea Dix
a reformer who was a pioneer in the treatment of the mentally ill
Lucretia Mott
Quaker minister who created the Philadelphia female anti-slavery society (1833). She later helped organize the Seneca Falls Convention.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A pioneer in the women's suffrage movement, she helped organize the first women's rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York (1848)
Seneca Falls
the first convention to discuss the role of women
Horace Greeley
founder and editor of the New York Tribune
Thomas Hart Benton
Missouri senator who opposed slavery
attempts by people to abolish slavery
the idea that different parts of the country can and will develop different philosophies
The Liberator
published by abolitionist William LLoyd Garrison in Boston from 1831 to 1865 The Liberator was an antislavery newspaper
Sojourner Truth
a freed black woman who campaigned tirelessly for the emancipation of the slaves and for women's rights