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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitdues and comparing them with those of others using numerical scores
intelligence test
creater of the first IQ test in order to identify children likely to have difficulty in regular classes
alfred binet
a measure of intelligence test performance devised by binet; the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance.
mental age
the widely used american revision of Binet's original intelligence test
defined originally as the ratio of mental age to chronological age multiplied by 100. on contemporary intelligence tests, the average performance for a given age is assigned as a score of 100
intelligence quotient
viewing an abstract, immaterial concept as if it were a concrete thing
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie ones total score
factor analysis
a general intelligence factor that spearman and others believed underlies specific mental abilities and therefore measured by ever task on an intelligence task
general intelligence
a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing
savant syndrome
created the three aspects of successful intelligence including analytical, creative, and practical
robert sternberg
the ability to percieve, express, understand, and regulate emotions
emotional intelligence
this man generalized ability to "g" factor
this man generalized ability made up of 7 individualized abilities
this man came up with the triarchic theory
this man came up with the theory of multiple intelligences
this man created the intelligence quotient
william stern
this man came up with the american revision to binets intelligence test
this test predicts educational performance in the future
aptitude test
this test reflects current performance in school
achievement test
the most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance subtests
Wechsler Intelligence Test
defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested "standardization group"
the symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes. most scores fall near the average, and fewer and fewer scores lie near the extremes
normal curve
intelligence test performance has been improving - suggesting that there is somethign wrong witht hte test, or taht intelligence is changeable
flynn effect
the extent to which a test yields consistent results, as assessed by the consistency of scores two halves of the test, on alternate forms of the test, or on retesting
reliability (consistency)
the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to
the extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest
content validity (driving test samples driving tasks)
the behavior that a test is designed to predict; thus, the measure used in defining whether the test has predicitive validity
the success with which a test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict; it is assessed by computing the correlation between test scores and the criterion behavior
predictive validity
placing special needs kids in a regular classroonm
keeping special needs kids in an isolated room
the two criterion for mental retardation
significantly subaverage intelligence and deficiencies in adaptive behavior, and appearance in these behaviors before the age of 18
causes of mental retardation
downs syndrome, genetics
defects on chromosome 21, causing mild to moderate mental retardation (Trisomy 21)
downs syndrome
a term used to describe a society that organized itself based on IQ tests.
IQ Meritocracy
man who created the term "IQ Meritocracy"
Michael Young
myth of helpless invalid
assumes that disabled person can do nothing without assistance
myth of ther heroic cripple
places person with disability on a pedstal, making it difficult for him or her to assimilate and function
the "spread" phenomenon
generalizes disability and assumes there are also intellectual, social, and additional physical deficits
a disability in which one ore more parts of the central nervous system is damaged, and therfore, damages the ability to percieve and understand new information
specific learning diability
five characteristics of a specific learning disability
test anxiety, time disorientation, poor study skills, passive learning styles, impaired note taking skills
deviant, "abnormal" behavior that effects social situations, personal unhappiness and even school failure
behavior disorder
characteristics of Autism
withdrawal, repetitive bizarre behavior, self-absorption
speech that doesnt flow forward smoothly due to reptitions of an initial sound of part of a word
a child that is so far above or below the norm that assistance is required in order for a child to reach full potential
exceptional child
studies that show twins having a high correlation in IQ is support of what belief in intelligence?
NATURE (genetics)
tested dull and bright rats for both nature and nurture theories - both finding supportive evidence that genetics and environment have an effect on intelligence
this man did a study on children's IQ based on their environment in an adult ward and an orphanage
these men tested the theory that socioeconomic class had an impact on intelligence
capron and duymes