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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Bering Strait

a land bridge that people from Asia used to cross into the Americas

Inuit

A tribe that moved into North America in about 3000 b.c. They had to learn specific skills to survive in such a cold and harsh environment. Most of the Inuit settled in the tundra (treeless land south of the Artic)

Gulf of Mexico

A gulf south west of Florida and North east of Mexico

Hopewell

a group from the Eastern Woodlands that extended their culture from the Ohio Valley to the Mississippi river (the Mound Builders)

Cahokia

a city built by the Eastern woodlands people that could contain 10,000 people or more; near East St. Louis, Illinios

Iroquois

a culture northeast of the Mississippian culture; they lived in longhouses surrounded by fences for protection;hunters and gatherers

Longhouses

a house that was usually about 20 feet wide by 20 feet tall, though it could vary in length. It was built of wooden poles and bark

clan

groups of related families

Plains Indians

a people west of the Mississippi river basin, who cultivated beans, corn, and squash along the rivers of the eastern Great Plains

Tepees

a circular tent covered by stretched out buffalo skin that provided excellent shelter and were warm in the winter and cold in the summer

Anasazi

a people who settled in the present day New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, and Colorado and established an extensive farming society there

Adobe

sun-dried brick used to build pueblos

Pueblos

multistoried structures that housed many people

Mesa Verde

a large community that formed after the abandonment of Pueblo Bonito; later became a national park due to "the remarkable series of buildings built in the recesses of the cliff walls"

Section 2: Mesoamerica

the areas in Mexico and Central America where ancient empires flourished

Olmec

An ancient society that predates the Mayans

Teotihuacan

the first major city pf Mesoamerica; "Place of the Gods" ; had more that 200,000 inhabitants at its height; a busy center of trade; 400+ obsidian workshops in the city

Yucatan Peninsula

another major civilization had risen far to the east of Teotihuacan (the Mayans)

Tikal

a city that was abandoned by the Maya due to overuse of soil that led to reduced crop yields and also an urban centers that is believed to have housed 100,000 people

Heiroglyphs

a sophisticated writing systems created by the Mayans based on pictures

Toltec

the most important people that rose up after the collapse of Teotihuacan

Chichen Itza

a city that established the boundary for Toltec rule

Aztec

a people who took over Toltec after its fall; they were a war like people; they built the city that is present day mexico city; around 1200 B.C they made a very long migration to the Valley of Mexico

Tenochtitlan

Present day Mexico city; built by the Aztecs

Lake texcoco

a place the Aztec people were driven to after an attack; made up of swamps and islands

Tribune

goods of money paid by conquered peoples to their conquerors

Section 3: Caral

the oldest major city in the americas and is located in the Supe River Valley of Peru

Chavin

a people who built a temple with stones gathered from nearby hills

Nazca

a culture that prospered after the Chavin culture and also preserved some of its aspects

Equador

a country in central America that is on the Pacific coast

Moche

a major urban center arose amid irrigated fields in the valley of the Moche River

maize

corn

Inca

a small community in the area of Cuzco

Cuzco

a city located at 11,000 feet in the mountains of southern Peru

Pachacuti

an Incan ruler who launched a campaign of conquest and eventually the entire region was uder Incan control

Machu Picchu

an abandoned Incan city 8,000 feet on a mountain; contained about 200 buildings

Urubamba River

the river around(and above) which Machu Picchu was built

quipu

a record keeping system used by the Inca that consisted of knotted string