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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
As a result of socialization, ________ are drawn from parents, teachers, friends, religion, and culture.
"All men are created equal," is an example of a/n ________ value while "Always strive to do your best," is an example of a/n ________ value.
societal, personal
Societal norms are determined by:

a. sanctions for deviating from the norm.

b. consensus by a particular community.

c. the media.

d. the legal system.

e. time frame and sanctions for deviating from the norm.
time frame and sanctions for deviating from the norm.
The process by which one comes to know what is personally important is called values ________.
Values are reflected in all of the following EXCEPT:

a. advocacy groups.

b. cultural norms.

c. graduation requirements.

d. government policies.

e. parenting styles.
graduation requirements.
________ is the tendency to respond positively or negatively to certain persons, objects or situations.
Insa believes that all Americans are overweight and obsessed with possessions. This is an example of a/n:

a. reasoning

b. morals

c. values

d. feelings

e. stereotype
Young Peter once told his mother that the man sitting at the next table was a "chocolate man" because of his dark skin. Which phase of attitude development does Peter's statement best represent?

a. Phase IIIa - stereotypes

b. Phase III - attitudes towards ethnic groups

c. Phase II - orientation toward specific ethnic-related words

d. Phase IV - prejudices

e. Phase I - awareness of ethnic differences
Phase I - awareness of ethnic differences
Children's development of attitudes towards others is often observed in the behavior of others they admire. This process is known as:

a. modeling.

b. indirect instruction.

c. direct instruction.

d. peer reinforcement.

e. family values.
a. modeling.
Which of the following is an example of how the media can be used to increase acceptance of diversity?

a. Portraying discrimination as morally wrong.

b. All of these choices.

c. Direct teaching of morals.

d. Portrayal of ethnically diverse role models.

e. Indirect teaching of morals.
Portrayal of ethnically diverse role models.
Mrs. Anderson has been told that several of her students are gifted. As a result of this information she treats them differently and these students do show greater achievement than the other students. This is know as the:

a. self-fulfilling prophecy.

b. prejudice towards average students.

c. goodness-of-fit.

d. unequal treatment of students.

e. discrimination of at-risk students.
self-fulfilling prophecy.
The naturalistic experiment in which blue eye children and brown eye children were described by their teacher as superior or inferior demonstrated the concept of:
how prejudicial attitudes might develop.
Teachers might create an antibiased classroom by doing which of the following?

a. Images of important individuals from varying backgrounds.

b. Images of people with disabilities.

c. Artwork from artists from various backgrounds.

d. All of these choices.

e. Pictures of the elderly in the classroom
all of these choices
________ refers to how individuals attribute their performance or where they place personal responsibility for success or failure (internal/external).
Locus of control
Adrienne believes that she is good in math because she does all of the homework and studies hard for all of the tests. Adrienne most likely has ________.

a. high self-esteem

b. unrealistic expectations

c. external locus of control

d. a high grade point average

e. internal locus of control
internal locus of control
Parents can encourage achievement motivation by doing all the following EXCEPT:

a. set high but realistic standards for their children.

b. communicate confidence in their child's ability to accomplish a particular task.

c. communicate approval about their child's efforts.

d. pay their children for good grades.

e. allow their children to solve their own problems.
pay their children for good grades.
Children who believe that their achievements are out of their control or a matter of luck rather than efforts are more likely to develop a/n ________ attribution of their accomplishments.
Locus of control develops through one's actions on the ________ and one's interactions with ________.
environment, others
Renee told her mother, "I didn't make the cheerleading squad because I'm ugly and stupid and I'll never be able to make the squad." This is an example of:
learned helplessness
________ is related to empowerment, achievement motivation, internal locus of control, history of success and failure and learned helplessness.
When Mrs. French tells her 2nd grade class, "This lesson is going to be tough but I know you can do this!" this is an example of a lesson in:
Self-efficacy beliefs provide students with a sense of personal agency to motivate their learning through the use self-regulatory processes, like ________.

a. goal setting

b. self-evaluation

c. strategy use

d. self-monitoring

e. all of these choices
e. all of these choices
Self-esteem can be considered multidimensional and may include such factors as:

a. physical appearance.

b. all of these choices.

c. academic competence.

d. none of these choices.

e. athletic competence.
b. all of these choices.
A child who has a sense of mistrust, self-doubt and inferiority probably has:
low self-esteem.
According to Coopersmith, self-esteem is related to the following criteria:

a. competence.

b. significance to others.

c. all of these choices.

d. virtue.

e. power.
all of these choices.
Researchers have found that self-esteem is usually set by:
middle childhood.
The most significant socializing agent that influences the development of self-esteem is ________.
Gregory's mother is affectionate, strict with her rules and allows Gregory to express his opinions regarding family plans. It is most likely that Gregory will develop a:
high self-esteem.
Teachers who wish to encourage the development of a healthy self-esteem in their students should do all the following EXCEPT:

a. provide opportunities for cooperative play and activities.

b. understand and attend to individual needs.

c. make comparison to other students to encourage healthy competition in the classroom.

d. encourage participation with chores in the classroom.

e. set up tasks so students can be successful.
make comparison to other students to encourage healthy competition in the classroom.
The rate at which one matures physically compares to one's ________ affects self-concept.
same aged peers
Making the ideal unattainable through the use of advertisements may promote ________ to motivate consumers to buy a particular product.
low self-esteem
Individuals with disabilities may be more likely to have low self-esteem because:
both they do not conform to the ideal body type imposed by society and they often need to have others do things for them.