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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the unified nation was called this
unreasonable, unfavorable opinion against a group that is not based on fact
manifest destiny
obvious or undeniable fate
join or attach
Mexican War
war between the US and Mexico that started over boundry dispute
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
between the US and Mexico after the Mexican War
Gadsden Purchase
mexican govt. sold southern New Mexico and Arizona to US for $10 million-this provided route for southern transcontinental RR
Willmot Proviso
an attachment to a bills that came before congress that made slavery not possible in the new territories
Compromise of 1850
proposed by Henry Clay and was a plan for a compromise over slavery-Clay was seeking middle ground with 5 separate laws
fugitive slave act
part of the Compromise of 1850; it would order all citizens to assist in the return of enslaved people who had escaped form their owners; it denied jury trials to escaped slaves
a movement to ensure that native born Americans recieved better treatment than immigrants; it was in response to a surge in immigration
Kansas-Nebraska Act
a plan that supported the practice of popular sovereignty; Senator Stephen Douglas introduced to solve the slavery question in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska
popular sovereignty
letting the people in a territrory decide whether to allow slavery there instead of restricting the decision making power to Congress
free soiler
new settlers to Kansas from New England who worked to end slavery in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska
Dred Scott v. Sandford
court case where a slave filed suit against his owner because he and his wife onced lived in states and territories where slavery was illegal and they were free; Supreme Court ruled against Scott the slave and ruled slaves were not citizens and had no rights to sue in courts and that living in a free state did not free Scott from slavery.
Lincoln Douglas Debates
a series of seven debates on the issue of slavery in the territories
a place where weapons are made or stored
boarder states
Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri bordered between the north and south
lower south
Texas, Louisiana , Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina
those who wanted the south to secede
Confederate States of America
when delegates from the seven southern states met in Alabama and created a new nation in response to Lincoln being elected without any southern electoral college votes.
Fort Sumter
a federal fort on an island in Charleston's harbor; 1st battle of the civil war