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44 Cards in this Set

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The two primary types of rope in the fire service are:

Life safety rope / Utility rope
Life safety rope
Used to support people during a rescue. This type of rope is used only for life-saving purposes.
Utility rope
Used to perform all other tasks, such as hoisting equipment.

Life safety ropes are rated for either ____ or ____ persons.

one / two

One-person rope is classified as a light-duty life safety rope and is designed to hold ____ pounds.
Two-person rope is classified as a general-duty life safety rope and is designed to hold ____ pounds (273 kilograms).
A personal escape rope is designed to be used once by _____ fire fighter(s).
Ropes can be made of ____(1)______ or ____(2)____ fibers. ___(1)_____ fibers can be weakened by mildew and age, so they cannot be used to make life safety ropes. ____(2)_____ fibers are generally stronger than ____(1)____ fibers and are used in life safety ropes.
natural / synthetic
__________ fibers can be damaged by ultraviolet light and are susceptible to abrasion.
__________ is the most common synthetic fiber used in life safety ropes, followed by _________ and __________.
Nylon / polyester / polypropylene
___________ does not absorb water, so it is often used for water rescues.
Individual fibers twisted into strands that are twisted together to form the rope.
Twisted ropes
Constructed by weaving or intertwining strands together in the same way that hair is braided.
Braided ropes
Consists of the kern and the mantle. The kern is the core of the rope and the mantle is the braided covering that protects the core. These ropes can be either dynamic or static.
Kernmantle ropes.
Connects one rope to another rope or a harness
Webbing that secures a person to a rope or solid object
Most rope rescue incidents involve people who are trapped in normally inaccessible locations such as trenches, confined spaces, and ________________.
open water
The four parts to the rope maintenance formula are the following:
• Care
• Clean
• Inspect
• Store
The principles of caring for a rope include the following:
• Protect the rope from sharp and abrasive surfaces.
• Protect the rope from rubbing against another rope or webbing.
• Protect the rope from heat, chemicals, and flames.
• Protect the rope from prolonged exposure to sunlight.
• Do not step on a rope!
A rope record for a life safety rope includes a history of when the rope was ___________, when it was used, how it was used, each __________ , and what kinds of _________ were applied to it.
purchased / inspection / loads
Ropes should be stored away from temperature extremes, out of sunlight, and in areas with good air circulation. Rope ______ can be used to protect and store ropes.
________, such as the clove _____, are used to attach a rope around an object.
_______, such as the figure eight and the bowline, are used to form loops.
________, such as the sheet ______ or Becket _____ , are used to join two ropes together.
_____ knots, such as the overhand knot, are used to secure the ends of ropes to prevent them from coming untied.
The ___________ _______ is the part of the rope used for forming the knot.
working end
The _______ ______ is the part of the rope used for lifting or hoisting.
running end
The _________ ______ is the rope between the working end and the running end.
standing part
A ________ is formed by reversing the direction of the rope to form a U bend with two parallel ends.
A ______ is formed by making a circle in the rope.
A _______ ______ is formed by making a loop, and then bringing the two ends of the rope parallel to each other.
round turn
Used to finish other basic knots
Safety knot

Knots that wrap around an object

Half hitch

Used to attach a rope to a round object
Clove hitch
Basic knot used to produce a family of other knots
Figure eight
Used to create a secure loop at the working end of a rope
Figure eight on a bight
Used to create a secure loop at the end of the rope when the working end must be wrapped around an object or passed through an opening before the loop can be formed.
Figure eight with a follow-through

Used to create a loop


Used to join two ropes together

Used to join the ends of webbing together.

Water Knot

Whats stronger synthetic or natural fiber


Which nfpa standard addresses life safety ropes


What rope Stretches


What rope does not streatch