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54 Cards in this Set

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Final process before the fabric is cut into apparel or other goods
Finishing
Makes fabrics suitable for their intended uses
Finishes
Where is most finishing performed at
The same plant as dyeing and printing
Type of finish that change the appearance, hand, and or drape

Feel better &/or look better
Aesthetic Finishes
Type of finish that will improve the fiber
Functional Finishes
Category of finish that lasts for the life of the product
Permanent
Category of finish that starts to diminish after laundered
Durable
Category of finish that lasts through several launderings
semi durable
Category of finish that lasts until laundered once
Temporary
Cleans the fabric of all soil and additives that have accumulated from the weaving or knitting process
Pretreatment process
Boil off pretreatment process is used on: _____, ________ _____, ______, &________ fibers
Cotton, cotton blends, silk, and manmade
Scouring pretreatment process is used on:
Wools
Desizing pretreatment process removes:
Warp starches
Solvent Scouring Pretreatment process removes
oils used during knitting
Carbonizing pretreatment process removes
cellulosic materials from wools
Beaching pretreatment process-
produces a pure white; natural fibers
example: Clorox
Enhances bleached fabrics

ex.) oxy clean
Optical Brighteners
Chemicals applied as WET FINISHES that aid in the finishing process
Resins
Side effects of Resin

(6)
Stiffness
shrinkage resistance
loss of absorbency
reduction in abrasion resistance
offensive odors
affinity for oily soils
High speed pressure, pressing of fabric that results in softer and smoother fabrics with higher luster
Calendaring
May cause quality concerns such as tender spots
over calendaring
5 types of calendering
Glazed
Cire
Embossed
Moire
Schrenier
Calendering

Treated with starches
Polished cottons and chintz
swatch 110
Glazed Calendering
Calendering

Treated with waxes
Creates highly lustrous and wet looking finishes
Cire Calendering
Calendering

Creates a 3-D effect
Good with thermoplastic fibers
Swatch 111
Embossed Calendering
Calendering

Must be treated with a resin to gain permanent design
Produce a wood grain design
Swatch 46
Moire Calendering
Calendering

Must be treated with resin or performed on thermoplastic fibers to be permanent.

Embosses very fine diagonal lines to create a soft luster

Swatch 87
Schreiner Calendering
May be aromatic or odor neutralizing

Uses microcapsules that rupture as a result of movement or abrasion

Same technique may be used for moisturizers, vitamins, and repellents.
Fragrances
Permanent finish used on wool fabrics

Induces felting shrinkage

Wools become smoother and more compact with tightly embedded yarns

Tighter, denser weave.

Swatch 38 & 39
Fulling
Permanent finish that is applied to cotton yarns and fabrics using sodium hydroxide

Increases luster, strength, and dye affinity
Mercerization
The manipulation of low twist filling yarns that are brushed to form a surface nap.

Swatch 89

Flannel/Fleece
Napping
Similar to napping process except uses sandpaper like material instead of brushes

Swatch 8
Sueding
Use of high speed cutting machine that evenly cuts the ends of the surface fibers

swatch 72
shearing
mechanical or chemical finishing used to improve the hand and drape of a fabric

Silicone Finishes are permanent

oils and waxes are semi durable
Softening
Starches and resins are used to make fabrics more CRISP and STIFF

Swatches 113 & 18

Crinoline, lawn, Voile
Stiffenting
Produces stiff and transparent fabric

Swatch 112

Organdy
Acid stiffening
Finishes to make denim appear worn and faded
Denim Finishes
Denim finish that uses pumice stones
Stone Washing
Denim finish that uses pumice stones and bleach
Acid washing
Denim Finish that uses pumice stones, bleach, and cellulase enzyme
Cellulose
11 Types of AESTHETIC finishes
Calendering
Fragrances
Fulling
Mercerization
Napping
Sueding
Plisse
Shearing
Softening
Stiffening
Denim Finishes
Finish that does something for us
Functional Finish
Durable chemical agents that inhibit the growth of bacteria and fungi

Important for items in contact with skin
Antimicrobial Finish
Semi Durable finish used to reduce to eliminate static

Fabric softeners and sheets

carpet, non-cling apparel, electronic equipment barriers..
Antistatic Finish
Resin applied to fabrics made of fiber with low resilience
Wrinkle/Crease Resistant Finishes
Crease resistant finishes
still need to be ironed
Durable Press Finishes
Do not need to be ironed
Result of the flammable fabrics act

Children's sleepwear, rugs, carpets, mattresses, mattress covers, are federally mandated
Flame Resistant Finish
Used for the removal of oily soils on hydrophobic fibers

Most durable through 40-50 washes

Wrok clothes, table cloths, carpets
Soil release finishes
Waxes and emulsions used to coat the yarns before weaving which allows water to be repelled while permitting the passage of air

Do not provide protection in long, continual exposure to wet weather

May be durable or nondurable
Water Repellents
Chemical finish that may be temporary or permanent

Used to protect animal fibers from being attacked by moths and beetles
Mothproof Finishes
UV blockers and sun protective finishes added to fabrics to protect the skin from harmful ultraviolet radiation.
Ultraviolet
Fabric is coated or laminated with film of natural or synthetic rubber or plastic

Completely moisture proof

May be uncomfortable
Waterproof-coated fabrics
9 types of functional finishes
Antimicrobial finishes
Antistatic Finish
Wrinkle/Crease resistant Finishes
Flame resistant finish
Soil release finishes
water repellents
mothproof finishes
ultraviolet
waterproof-coated fabrics