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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
UL
Maximum daily amount to avoid toxicity
RDA
Intake of nutrient adequate for 98% of population*goal
AI
Average amount of a nutrient that a group of healthy people consume appears sufficient (not studied yet)
EER
enough energy food to sustain a healthy weight
EAR
intake of nutrient adequate for 50% of population
epidemiological study
can only show correlation
experimental study
shows causation because all variables are controlled
placebo
sham treatment
blind study
subjects don't know if they are getting perturbation or placebo
hypothesis
a tentative answer that can be tested
Organic nutrients
Vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins
Inorganic nutrients
Minerals, H2O
micronutrients
Vitamins & minerals
macronutrients
Proteins & carbohydrates
4g/kcal
Protein & carbohydrates
9g/kcal
lipid
Recommended 45-65% of calories
carbohydrates
Recommended 20-35 % of calories
lipid
Recommended 10-35% of calories
protein
Calorie
Amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1g of H20 by 1 degree Celsius
List 3 methods of assessing nutrition
diet history, health history, laboratory tests, physical examination and anthropometric measures
Germ
rich in protein, vitamins and fiber; new plant
bran
edible cover, rich in fiber
husk
inedible covering
endosperm
starch makes white flour
sodium
less than 2300mg a day should be consumed
alcohol
one drink a day for women; two for men may be consumed
active lifestyle
equivalent to walking 3 miles a day
refined grains
Has the bran and germ removed and little nutrition remains
empty calories
foods that contain only energy but no or little other nutrition
discretionary calories
calories allowed after nutrient dense foods are consumed (258cal)
vegetables
largest helping on my plate contains many vitamins and fiber
fruits
need 2cs a day a limit these with solid fat or added sugar
grains
need 5 1/2 oz . aday include nuts and legumes
oils
need 6 tsp a day has vit E and fatty acids
protein
rich in folate; iron and niacin need 6oz. a day
milk
need 3c a day contains Ca and vit D
list 4 of the 6 diet planning principles
adequate, balancing, variety, moderation
list 4 things that must be included on a food label
kilocalories, identity, nutrient facts, manufacture name & address