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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the study of the mind and the brain and behavior
subjective experience that requires a subject to inspect and report on the content of their thoughts.
consciousness can be broken down to its basic underlying components
gestalt theory
the whole is different than the sum of its parts, you see the big picture of things
psycho analysis
patient and doctor work together to bring the unconscious to the conscious awareness
monitoring the observable environmental effects on behavior. nature/nuture
cognitive psychology
intelligence, thinking, language, memory, and decision making
humanistic psychology
looks for the best in people's psychological potential. emphasizes an individual's drive towards self-actualization
nature/nurture debate
discussing whether your personality is shaped by your biological predisposition or your environment.
mind/body debate
discussing whether your mind and body are separate
goals of psychology
to understand mental activity, social interactions and behavior.
critical thinking
evaluating information to reach reasonable conclusions
Biological Level of Analysis
how the body (including the brain) contributes to the mind and behavior
Individual Level of Analysis
focuses on individual differences in personalities.
Social Level of Analysis
how group contexts affect how people interact with one another
Cultural Level of Analysis
explores how people's thoughts are similar and different across cultures.
BF Skinner
took up mantle for behaviorism. studied by using reinforcement. wrote Beyond Freedom and Dignity
William James
physiologist and philosopher that argued the mind consisted of a "stream of consciousness" and could not be frozen in time and examined.
Sigmund Freud
developed psychoanalysis, introduced the idea of the unconscious.
Wilhelm Wundt
established the first psychology laboratory. developed introspection.
Aaron T. Beck
developed cognitive therapies to correct faulty thoughts/beliefs
John B. Watson
developed behaviorism and the nature/nurture method. he believed nurture.
George A. Miller
launched the cognitive revolution.
Carl Rogers and Maslow
pioneered a new movement of Humanistic Psychology
formed the gestalt theory.
Edward Titchner
pioneered the school of structuralism. used introspection even after Wundt stopped.
believed certain kinds of knowledge are inborn.
descriptive studies
observing and noting behavior to analyze that behavior objectively
correlational studies
studies that examine how variables are naturally related in the real world.
directionality problem
a problem in correlational studies; cannot be determined which variable may have caused changes to the other variable
third variable problem
a problem that occurs when the researcher cannot directly manipulate variables.
internal validity
how much he data collected addresses the hypothesis in the way intended.
the extent to which a measure is stable and consistent over time in similar conditions.
the extent to which an experimental measure is free from error.
central tendency
a measure that represents the typical response or the behavior of a group as a whole
how widely dispersed a set of numbers are from each other and the mean.
mean median mode
How do you measure central tendency
standard deviation
How do you measure variability
the basic unit of the nervous system; cells that receive and transmit information in the nervous system.
the system of membranes surrounding the central nervous system.
cerebral hemispheres
"left and right" of the brain
occipital lobe
visual processing; back of the head
temporal lobe
language comprehension; in front of the ears (temples)
parietal lobe
attention span; top, rear of the head
frontal lobe
planning, memory search; front of the head.
corpus callosum
connects the two hemispheres of the cerebral cortex
cerebral cortex
the outer layer of brain tissue; forms the surface of the brain
the valley of the wrinkles in the brain
the ridge of the wrinkles in the brain